The traditional dating of the origin of psychoanalysis to 1900, when Freud published The Interpretation of Dreams, ignores the massive body of work he produced well before this date. Covering fields as diverse as neurology, physiology, philosophy, and pharmacology, this wealth of unjustly neglected material was to have a profound influence upon the development of psychoanalytic theory and technique. This fascinating study of the hidden roots of psychoanalysis features contributions from an international panel of authorities on Freud's early writings, and highlights the unparalleled originality of his pre-analytic work. Seeking to restore the openness that originally existed between psychoanalysis and the other sciences, these papers consider Freud's outstanding scientific achievements within neurology and his achievements as a psychologist. Freud's early fascination with cocaine and his substantial monograph on the coca plant are reconsidered in the light of research that places the episode in its historical context. The influence of philosophical writings upon Freud's thought is demonstrated careful consideration of the origins of Freudian concepts in the works of Aristotle, Brentano and John Stuart Mill.
A Note on Texts -- Introduction -- An Introduction to the Neuroscientific Works of Sigmund Freud -- Freud's Theory of Aphasia Revisited: Epistemological and Clinical Implications -- Freud's Merit as a Psychiatrist -- The Place of Cocaine in the Work of Freud -- Freud's Studies on Cocaine -- In the Beginning of Psychoanalysis There Was Euphoria -- Franz Brentano, Freud's Philosophical Mentor -- On Freud's Encounter with Brentano -- John Stuart Mill Translated by Sigmund Freud -- Freud, Hysteria, and Psychiatry as the Impossible Profession -- Psychic Determination in Neurosis: On the Role of Constitution in Early Freudian Theory -- ‘My Bad Diagnostic Error’: Re-Visiting the Case of Emmy Von N. (Fanny Moser) -- Freud's Neural Unconscious -- The Topology of ‘A Project for a Scientific Psychology’ -- The Symptom as Metaphor: Freud's 'Project' -- A Reading of an Ethics of Psychoanalysis from Freud's Formulation of Das Ding in the 'Project for a Scientific Psychology' -- On the Origins of Psychic Structure: A Case-Study Revisited on the Basis of Freud's ‘Project’ -- Freud's Pre-Analytical Writings and His Scientific Revolution -- The Origin of the Subject from the Perspective of Freud's Scientific Materialism -- Suggestions from the Unconscious: Freud, Hypnosis, and the Mind-Body Problem -- From the Associationist Unconscious to the Unconscious Structured like a Language