Despite the intensity of the national debate concerning control and correctional policies, neither the costs of existing agencies nor of alternative approaches are adequately understood. Accurate figures are not reported to private citizens or public officials, and spending is fragmented among different agencies and governing units. This study presents a comprehensive description and analysis of how much money was actually spent in New York in 1977–1978, at all levels of government, for each of the control systems that incarcerate or supervise criminal offenders/defendants. After a broad overview of criminal justice spending, it details spending for prisons, jails, probation, and parole; evaluates the services provided by these public expenditures; and discusses proposals for alternative penal policies and their fiscal implications. The book concludes with recommendations for improved government cost accounting, as well as suggestions for broader penal reforms. Although restricted to an analysis of New York, the findings and recommendations are broadly relevant to other regions of the country.
Table of Contents
Other Titles in This Series -- Introduction -- An Overview of Corrections and Criminal Justice Costs in New York -- The New York State Prison System -- Parole -- Probation -- Local Jails and Penitentiaries -- Jails in New York City -- Conclusion
Douglas McDonald, is director of the Citizens’ Inquiry on Parole and Criminal Justice, Inc. The Correctional Association of New York and the Citizens’ Inquiry are private organizations with a longstanding involvement with criminal justice reform.