The Quantitative Description of the Microstructure of Materials  book cover
1st Edition

The Quantitative Description of the Microstructure of Materials

ISBN 9780849389214
Published July 21, 1995 by CRC Press
432 Pages

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Book Description

This book, the product of a deep collaboration between the two authors, strikes a balance between the traditional approach and newly emerging techniques used to obtain a quantitative description of the microstructure of materials.

The Quantitative Description of the Microstructure of Materials has a unique format that sets it apart from other books. The first half of the book gives a comprehensive account of the entire quantification process and presents material in a pedagogical style. Numerous examples appear throughout text to illustrate the methodology. A general introduction to the subject and basic concepts, definitions, techniques, and relationships are provided. Aspects of modern stereology are described in detail. Image processing, computer aided procedures of data analysis, and the elements of a system for image analysis also are discussed at length.

The remaining chapters treat a series of significant examples in much more detail. This part of text offers information in an easy-to-access reference style, making it extremely useful as a guide to active researchers in the quantification guide. Topics include dislocations, internal and external surfaces, and quantitative characterization of thin film structures. The book covers geometry of grains and its effect on the properties of polycrystals. Particles, pores, and other isolated volumetric elements of the microstructure also are discussed.

Table of Contents

Elements of the Microstructures of Materials
Size and Shape
The Influence of Microstructure on the Properties of Materials
Stochastic Character of the Geometry of Microstructures
Observations of the Microstructure of Materials
About the Book
Basic Concepts, Definitions, Techniques, and Relationships
Populations, Individual Microstructural Elements, and Distribution Functions
Distribution Functions
Parameters of the Populations
Normal and Log-Normal Distribution
Size of the Samples
Microstructural Homogeneity
General Characterization of Material Microstructures
Geometrical Probing
Random and Oriented Sections
Random Oriented Lines
Point Testing
Number and Weighted Distributions
Volume Fraction Determination
Density of Two-Dimensional Features in Space
Density of Lines on a Plane
Density of Lines in Space
Density of Elements and Average Properties
Modification for Anisotropic Lines and Surfaces
Anisotropic Distribution of Lines
Estimation of the Density of Volume Elements, NV, by a Method of Size Distribution Reconstruction
Description of Particle Agglomeration
Curvature of Lines on a Plane
Modern Stereology
Disector-New Approach to Particle Density
Selector-Particle Volume Distribution
Point Sampled Intercepts
Second Order Statistics-Methods for Estimating the Variance of Particle Volume
Vertical Sectioning-Area of the Surfaces
Computer Aided Characterization of the Microstructures of Materials
Image Processing
Computer Aided Procedures of Data Analysis
Elements of a System for Image Analysis
Characterization of Linear and Planar Elements of Microstructures
Internal Surfaces
External Surfaces
Quantitative Characterization of Thin Film Structures
The Geometry of Grains and Its Effect on the Properties of Polycrystals
Grains as Space Filling Volumetric Elements
Stochastic Character of Grains Geometry
The Relationship Between 3-D Grains and Their 2-D Sections
Grain Size
Grain Area Distribution Function and Its Relationship to Grain Volume Distribution
Mean Size of Grains
Relationship Between Linear Parameters of Grain Size
Degree of Grain Size Uniformity
Data for Metallic Polycrystals
Grain Size Effect
Geometry of Grains and Physical Properties of Grain Boundaries
Changes in the Geometry of Grains and Grain Boundaries Under the Action of External and Internal Factors
Tensile Test
Changes in the Geometry of Grains in Strained Polycrystals-Uniform Deformation Approximation
Spherical Grains Approach
Stochastic Geometry Modelling
Statistically Compatible Deformation
Localized Deformation
An Application to the Studies of Plastic Deformation Mechanisms
Grain Geometry Evolution Under the Action of Internal Factors
Annealing of Deformed Materials
Particles, Pores, and Other Isolated Volumetric Elements of the Microstructure
Particle Sampling and Choice of Parameters
General Characteristics of Particle Populations: Volume, Surface Area, Curvature, and Number
Individual Properties of Particles: Mean Volume and Coefficient of Variation
Particle Arrangements and Orientations
Description of Particle Shapes
Shape of Particle Sections
Fourier Analysis of Sections Shape

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Kurzydlowski\, Krzysztof Jan; Ralph\, Brian