Among the various approaches to the question of the nature of the mind (or soul), Augustine’s philosophical arguments for the existence of an incorporeal and spiritual substance in man and against materialism are here thoroughly examined on their merits as a source of insight for contemporary discussion.
This book, originally published in 1986, employs Augustine’s method of introspection, and argues that, as a philosopher, Augustine can teach the modern mind how to detect the reality of such a spiritual subject in and through basic human acts and faculties, such as imagination, memory, knowledge, free-will and self-knowledge. It presents a critical dialogue with various materialistic anthropologies directly addressed by Augustine himself, or those which have arisen at later periods, including epiphenomenalism, mind-brain identity theory, Marxism and others.
Introduction 1. The Lack of Bodily Properties in the Soul 2. The ‘Rational’ Incorporeality of the Human Soul Shown by Basic Faculties 3. Knowledge of the Self as Showing the ‘Conscious Spiritulality’ of the Soul 4. The Mind as Spiritual Substance 5. The Unity Consisting of Mind and Body. Afterword
Reissuing seminal works originally published between 1901 and 1991, Routledge Library Editions: Philosophy of Religion offers a selection of outstanding scholarship covering many aspects of philosophical enquiry into belief and faith. Topics include the history of atheism, natural religion, Christian ethics and the human soul. Some books look specifically at philosophers such as Hobbes, Plato, Kant, Feuerbach, Kierkegaard and Pascal. From classic works by Edward Westermarck, John Laird and G.D. Hicks to more recent investigations, this set contains important works by the likes of D.Z. Phillips, Frederick Ferré and A.C. Ewing making it an essential collection of these previously out-of-print works in a key subject.