The Reconfiguration of Twenty-first Century Latin American Regionalism
Actors, Processes, Contradictions and Prospects
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This cutting-edge volume brings together a diverse roster of scholars to shed light on the reconfiguration of twenty-first century Latin American regionalism. Reflecting on both the multiplicity of regional integration across Latin America (LA) and the theoretically pluralist turn in contemporary scholarship on LA politics and International Relations, this edited volume proposes an ‘integrative pluralist’ methodology to deciphering the complexity of regionalisation projects, from both above and below.
The book charts the contemporary evolution of older regionalisation schemes, such as the Common Market of the South (MERCOSUR), as well as more recent twenty-first century regional innovations, including the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America-Peoples Trade Treaty (ALBA-TCP), Pacific Alliance (AP), and the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR). Complementing this more traditional institutional perspective, the book also charts the underexplored dynamics of regionalism from below, in the context of region-wide networks of political organisation among indigenous and peasant movements. Set against the backdrop of a more critical reading of the historical origins of regionalism, this volume aims to contribute to the ever-growing conversation among scholars within and beyond Latin America on the actors, processes, contradictions, and prospects for regional cooperation.
In offering a more holistic perspective on Latin American regionalism from above and below, this volume will be of interest to both newcomers to the field and more seasoned scholars working within/across disciplinary boundaries, from International Relations and International Political Economy to Historical Sociology and Institutionalism. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Globalizations.
Table of Contents
1. The reconfiguration of twenty-first century Latin American regionalism: actors, processes, contradictions, and prospects
Rowan Lubbock and Ernesto Vivares
2. Capitalist geopolitics and Latin America’s long road to regionalism
3. The challenges of economic integration in Latin America: searching for consensus in contexts of globalization. The case of MERCOSUR (1991–2019)
4. The Pacific Alliance: regional integration as neoliberal discipline
5. Shifting tides, regional reverberations: a class-relational analysis of the ALBA-TCP
6. The credibility of regional policymaking: insights from South America
Pia Riggirozzi and Matt Ryan
7. Indigenous regionalism in the Andes
8. Critical Latin American agroecology as a regionalism from below
Peter M. Rosset, Lia Pinheiro Barbosa, Valentín Val and Nils McCune
Rowan Lubbock is Lecturer in Political Economy of Development at Queen Mary, University of London, UK. His research centres on the agrarian dynamics of International Relations, particularly within Latin America, and he has previously published in Journal of International Relations and Development, New Political Economy, Journal of Agrarian Change, and Globalizations. He is currently writing a manuscript on the politics of food sovereignty within the regional organization of the ALBA-TCP and Venezuela.
Ernesto Vivares is Professor in the Department of International Studies and Communication at FLACSO Ecuador. He has published widely on the topic of Latin American politics, development, and regional integration, and edited two recent volumes: Regionalism, Development and the Post-Commodities Boom in South America (2018) and The Routledge Handbook to Global Political Economy: Conversations and Inquiries (2020).