Few aspects of the history of modern empires are of such significance as their economics and politics. These factors are inextricably linked in many analyses, have generated extensive historiographical debate and are currently the subject of some of the freshest and liveliest scholarship. The articles and chapters which are brought together in this volume relate not only to the European colonial empires, but also to the Napoleonic, Russian and Japanese empires. The collection is strongly comparative in approach with the articles arranged into thematic sections on: the place of politics and economics in the rise and fall of modern empires; the causal relationship between modern empires and colonial, global, and metropolitan economic transformations; and the ’technologies of rule’ which provided the frameworks through which colonial economies were managed, and rights defined. The collection reflects new approaches, as well as the continuing importance of issues addressed in an older historiography, and the thematic arrangement produces useful juxtapositions of older and newer literatures. The substantial introduction explores the themes and identifies key historiographical trends in relation to each.
Contents: Introduction; Part I Economics and Politics in the Rise of Empires: 1760-1830: The first age of global imperialism, c.1760-1830, C.A. Bayly; Gentlemanly capitalism and British expansion overseas I. The old colonial system, 1688-1850, P.J. Cain and A.G. Hopkins; The industrial revolution and British imperialism, 1750-1850, J.R. Ward; Napoleon, Charlemagne, and Lotharingia: acculturation and the boundaries of Napoleonic Europe, Michael Broers. The Mid-19th Century to the ’New imperialism’: The imperialism of free trade, John Gallagher and Ronald Robinson; A French imperial meridian 1814-1870, David Todd; The Portuguese empire, 1825-90: ideology and economics, Valentim Alexandre; Dilemmas of empire 1850-1918: power, territory, identity, Dominic Lieven. Part II Modern Empires and Economic Transformations: Development, Underdevelopment, and Globalization: The ’reversal of fortune’ thesis and the compression of history: perspectives from African and comparative economic history, Gareth Austin; Economic history and modern India: redefining the link, Tirthankar Roy; Crises of accumulation, coercion and the colonial state. The development of the labour control system, 1919-29, Bruce Berman and John Lonsdale. Modern Empires and Economic Transformations: Metropolitan Economies: Colonial trade and economic development in France, 17th to the 20th centuries, Olivier Pétré-Grenouilleau; The importance of slavery and the slave trade to industrializing Britain, David Eltis and Stanley L. Engerman; The economics of Japanese imperialism in Korea, 1910-1939, Mitsuhiko Kimura. Part III Politics of Empires: British settler discourse and the circuits of empire, Alan Lester; ’When men are weak’: the imperial feminism of Frieda von BÃ¼low, Lora Widlenthal; Colonialism and human rights, a contradiction in terms? The case of France and West Africa, 1895-1914, Alice L. Conklin. Part IV Technologies of Rule: Politics, Governance and Militarism: Neo-traditionalism and the