Academic architectural education started with the inauguration of the Académie d'Architecture on 3 December 1671 in France. It was the first institution to be devoted solely to the study of architecture, and its school was the first dedicated to the explicit training of architectural students. The Académie was abolished in 1793, during the revolutionary turmoil that besieged France at the end of the eighteenth century, although the architectural educational tradition that arose from it was resurrected with the formation of the École des Beaux-Arts and prevails in the ideologies and activities of schools of architecture throughout the world today.
This book traces the previously neglected history of the Académie’s development and its enduring influence on subsequent architectural schools throughout the following centuries to the present day. Providing a valuable context for current discussions in architectural education, The Rise of Academic Architectural Education is a useful resource for students and researchers interested in the history and theory of art and architecture.
Table of Contents
- The origins of academic education
- The formation of the Académie d'Architecture
- The Académie’s early ideology
- The school at the Académie
- Philosophical and stylistic debate on architectural style
- The professional expression of the Académie’s ideology
- The suppression of the Académie
- The revival of the former Académie
- The enduring influence of the academic tradition at the École
Appendix 1: Salient institutional titles associated with academic architectural education in Paris
Appendix 2: Membres of the Académie d'Architecture
Appendix 3: Winners of the Grand prix competitions
List of figures
Alexander Griffin was educated at the University of Huddesfield, Liverpool John Moores University, and the University of Sheffield. He currently works in the School of Art, Design and Architecture at the University of Huddersfield, and is the founder of Oblong Architecture, a RIBA award winning practice. Alexander, and his wife Karen, also lead Sheffield Vineyard Church.