The Role of the Chemist in Automotive Design: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Role of the Chemist in Automotive Design

1st Edition

By H. K. Phlegm

CRC Press

216 pages | 109 B/W Illus.

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Description

From the development of polymers that make cars lighter to fuels that make them run cleaner, the chemist’s role in the automotive industry has evolved to be one that is more outside the laboratory than in it. Drawing on the author’s 20 years of experience in vehicle design and laboratory experience, The Role of the Chemist in Automotive Design elucidates how the skills of chemists are put to use in the automotive industry and their effect on all phases of design.

A glance through the table of contents provides an overview of the issues commonly encountered by chemists in the automotive industry. The author discusses fuels cells, lithium ion batteries, carbon nanotubes, and nickel metal hydride technology, all of which require the technical knowledge of a chemist but cross the lines of various disciplines. He also covers future technology including items such as battery technology, fuel cell membranes, and environmentally friendly plastics such as nylons that use castor oil as a primary component. The book examines environmental concerns such as CARB legislation and how the industry plans to deal with the new legislation with strategies such as Ozone Reduction Catalyst.

The increasing technological, environmental, and economic issues facing the auto industry underscores the need for a basic reference that covers technologies that can be used to make vehicle more fuel efficient, environmentally friendly, and cost efficient. Exploring the expanding role chemists will play in future automotive design and technology, this book delineates the areas and technologies that require the technical knowledge of a chemist but that cross the lines of many disciplines.

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Automobile Industry

Introduction

Historical Factors Affecting Today’s Industry

Competitive Imperatives

Indifference Maps and Curves

Market Demand

Vehicle Mass Targets

Power Train Cooling Requirements

HVAC

Emissions

Green Alternatives

References

Traditional Role of the Chemist in the Automobile Plant Environment

Introduction

Incoming Inspection

Methods around Metals

Atomic Absorption for Metal Analysis

Separation and Chromatography of Organics

Liquid–Solid Adsorption in HPLC

Soluble Oils

Lubricity Additives

Some Problems with HPLC as a Lab Tool

Plate Theory and Rate Theory

Elastomer Characterization

Plastic and Elastomer Analysis

DSC Graphs

Stress–Strain Relationships

Bond Stiffness versus Modulus

References

Component Materials in Automobiles

Introduction

Polymer Market Penetration

Methods of Production and Production Demand

Ziegler–Natta

Metal Oxide Initiation

Other Methods of Production

Chain Growth Polymerization

Step Growth Polymerization

Ionic Polymerization

References

Design Concerns and Imperatives

Introduction

History of Automotive Design

Automotive Design Development

Predictive Design Tools for the Performance Imperative

Some History of Finite Element Analysis

FEA Performance Predictions and Some Key Definitions

Predictive Design for the Cost Imperative

Structural Design Concerns

Strength and Impact Concerns for Performance

References

Manufacturing and Process Technology

Introduction

Rubber Processing

Plastic Processing

Aluminum Processing

PEM Manufacturing

Nanotube Manufacturing

References

Engineering Polymers, High-Temperature and –Pressure Applications, and Structural Polymers

Introduction

Dynamic Sealing

Needed Properties

Automotive Requirements

Materials and Processing

Thermal Properties

Fillers

Polyetheretherketones

Polyimides

Poly(tetrafluoroethylene

PPS

References

Power Train Applications

Introduction

Fuel Combustion

Diesel Injection (Urea Injection)

Engine Oil

Engine Oil Function

Engine Oil Groups

Engine Oil Grades

Some Important Additives

Synthetic Lubricants

Synthetic Esters

Polyolefins

Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF)

Some Testing Methods

Transmission Fluid Types

Engine Coolant

Methanol

Ethylene Glycol

Propylene Glycol

New Developments

References

Seal and Gasket Design

Introduction

Tear Strength

Thermal Serviceability Range

Compression Set

Silicone Rubbers

EPDM

Natural Rubbers

Nitrile Rubbers

Fluoropolymer Elastomers

Ethylene Acrylic Seals

Polyetherketone (PEEK), Polyetherimide (PEI), and Teflon (PTFE)

Seal Types

Failure and Degradation in Seal Design

Thermal Degradation

Thermal Oxidation

References

HVAC System Overview and Refrigerant Design

Introduction

Ozone Depletion

Montreal Protocol Treaty

Refrigerant Design

Global Warming Potential

Total Equivalent Warming Impact

Ozone Depletion Potential

Refrigerant Performance and Some Key Definitions

9.9 Need for Alternate Refrigerant Systems

Refrigerant Oil Mixtures

152a and Hydrocarbons as Alternatives

CO2 as an Alternative to 134a

Traditional and CO2 Refrigerant System Design

New Developments in Refrigerant Design (1234yf)

Material Considerations in HVAC Design

Aluminum Heat Exchanger Material

References

Fuel-Cell Chemistry Overview

Introduction

Future Market and Usage

Fuel Cells as Automotive Propulsion

Hydrogen Sources

Problems with Fuel Cells

References

Membranes and Hydrogen Storage Devices

Introduction

Hydrogen Storage Tank Size

New Developments

Glass Microspheres

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphite Nanofibers

Membrane Electrode Assembly

Cell Stack Assembly

References

Developing Technology

Introduction

Hybrid Technologies

Biodiesel

Battery Technologies

Lithium Ion Battery

Nickel–Metal Hydride Cells

Battery Developments

Direct Ozone Reduction Systems

Biomaterials

References

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science