1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Journalism in the Global South

Edited By Bruce Mutsvairo, Saba Bebawi, Eddy Borges-Rey Copyright 2024
    516 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Responding to mounting calls to decenter and decolonize journalism, The Routledge Companion to Journalism in the Global South examines not only the deep-seated challenges associated with the historical imposition of Western journalism standards on constituencies of the Global South but also the opportunities presented to journalists and journalism educators if they choose to partake in international collaboration and education.

    This collection returns to fundamental questions around the meaning, value, and practices of journalism from alternative methodological, theoretical, and epistemological perspectives. These questions include: What really is journalism? Who gets to, and who is qualified to, define it? What role do ethics play? What are the current trends, challenges, and opportunities for journalism in the Global South? How is news covered, reported, written, and edited in non-Western settings? What can journalism players living and working in industrialized markets learn from their non-Western colleagues and counterparts, and vice versa? Contributors challenge accepted "universal" ethical standards while showing the relevance of customs, traditions, and cultures in defining and shaping local and regional journalism.

    Showcasing some of the most important research on journalism in the Global South and by journalists based in the Global South, this companion is key reading for anyone researching the principles and practices of journalism from a de-essentialized perspective.

    List of Figures

    List of Tables

    List of Contributors

    Chapter 1: Regionalizing Journalism

    Bruce Mutsvairo, Saba Bebawi and Eddy Borges-Rey


    Chapter 2: What Defines Journalism in  the Global South? Insights from Latin America

    Silvio Waisbord and Adriana Amado

    Chapter 3: Terrorist Journalism in the Middle East

    Ahmed Al-Rawi

    Chapter 4: Poverty News in Latin America: Too Much to See but Too Little and Too Polarized to Say

    Jairo Lugo-Ocando

    Chapter 5: Theorising Indigenous-Language Journalism in Africa

    Abiodun Salawu

    Chapter 6: Rethinking African Journalism Cultures in the Context of Global Professional Interdependences

    Hayes Mawindi Mabweazara

    Chapter 7: The Political Economy of the Xenophobic Lens: Reporting African Migrants on South African Television News

    Last Moyo and Allen Munoriyarwa

    Chapter 8: Retheorizing African Digital Journalism in the 21st Century Allen Munoriyarwa

    Allen Munoriyarwa and Dumisani Moyo

    Chapter 9: The Challenge of Competing Loyalties for Journalists in Non-Western Cultures

    Terje Skjerdal


    Chapter 10: Deliberation as Pedagogy: Gender, Intersectionality and Journalism Education in India

    Preeti Raghunath

    Chapter 11: Challenges and Opportunities at Decolonizing the Curriculum: Narratives from Selected Southern African Journalism and Media Schools 

    Shepherd Mpofu and Trust Matsilele

    Chapter 12: Journalism Education in Pakistan: Key Gaps in Curriculum Development

    Sadia Jamil and Kriti Bhuju

    Chapter 13: The Promises and Limitations of Journalism Education in Ethiopia

    Téwodros Workneh

    Chapter 14: Piecemeal Pedagogies: Reflecting on the Nature, Context, and Impact of Journalism Training and Education in Malawi and Zambia

    Suzanne Temwa Gondwe Harris, Chanda Mfula, Chikumbutso Herbert Manthalu

    Chapter 15: Teaching Investigative Journalism in a Transnational University in China

    Diana Garrisi and Jiahui Huang


    Chapter 16: Constraints on Journalistic Practices in the Arab World Post-Arab Spring and Post-Covid-19

    Sahar Khamis

    Chapter 17: News Journalism as a Civil Norm Builder in Post-Conflict Settings: The Example of the Daily Nation and The Standard News Reporting after the Kenyan Election Violence, 2007/2008

    Stephanie Pukallus and Gemma Horton

    Chapter 18: Journalism 2.0, New Practices, and Culture in Nigeria: A Critical Examination of Nigerian Television Authority and Nigeria Info FM

    Ufuoma Akpojivi

    Chapter 19: Extractivisim and Its Discontents: Al Jazeera English's Coverage of Latin America

    Marcela Pizarro Coloma

    Chapter 20: Cracks in the Wall: Alternative Journalism in Turkey

    Bora Ataman and Barış Çoban

    Chapter 21: Contemporary Indian Journalism: Digital Response to Traditional Challenges

    Uma Shankar Pandey

    Chapter 22: The Day When Maids Went to Disney: Journalism and Neoliberalism in Brazil

    José Cláudio Siqueira Castanheira, Melina Santos, and Afonso de Albuquerque

    Chapter 23 Contemporary Critiques of Nigerian Journalism

    Adeyanju Apejoye

    Chapter 24: Reporting the MENA as Conflict: Political Influences, Routine Practices, and Journalists’ Struggles in the Field

    Claudia Kozman

    Chapter 25: Capitalizing the Social Media: Exploring Branding of Indonesian Journalists on Instagram

    Indra Prawira and Regita Anggraini Ekaputri


    Chapter 26: Journalism as a Springboard for Collaboration between Scholars in the Global North and South

    Summer Harlow and Ingrid Bachmann

    Chapter 27: Collaboration in Journalist Education: Finding Multiple Perspectives through Global Journalism and Local Practices

    Kristin Skare Orgeret

    Chapter 28: Ethnic Journalism in Russia: Theoretical Approaches for Potential Global Collaboration

    Anna Gladkova and Elena Vartanova

    Chapter 29: The Challenge of Disinformation in the Portuguese-Speaking African Countries’ Journalism

    Susana Salgado and Nuno Andrade Ferreira

    Chapter 30: Central and Eastern Europe in Journalism Studies: The three-faced disadvantage of underrepresentation, isolation, and Westernization

    Gergő HÁLÓ and Márton Demeter

    Chapter 31: Ontologies of Journalism: Conceptualizing Objectivity and Emotions in India and the United Kingdom

    Antje Glück

    Chapter 32 Diaspora Journalism as a Platform for Collaboration between the North and the South

    Ola Ogunyemi


    Chapter 33: Storytelling in the Age of Data: Data Journalism in Hong Kong

    Roselyn Du

    Chapter 34: Media Capture: The Conceptual Challenges for Studying Journalism in Transitional Democracies

    Mireya Márquez-Ramírez

    Chapter 35: Women Journalists in Mexico: They Will Not Silence Our Voices

    Yennué Zárate Valderrama

    Chapter 36: Unveiling the Master Signifier in Media Ethics Transgressions in South Africa

    Glenda Daniels

    Chapter 37: De-Westernising Photojournalism: From Photojournalism of the Global South to Photojournalism in the Global South

    Saumava Mitra and Brenda Witherspoon

    Chapter 38: Evolving Journalism Practices in the Global South: Convergence, Continuities, and Disjuncture

    Cleophas Taurai Muneri

    Chapter 39: Climate Change Journalism in Pakistan: Ethical Deliberations

    Muhammad Ittefaq, Shafiq Ahmad Kamboh and Ayesha Ashfaq

    Chapter 40: Journalism in Muslim Societies: Alternative Theories and Practices of Fairness and Justice

    Mohammed Musa and Sameera Ahmed

    Chapter 41: Conceptual Critiques to African Journalism

    Levi Obonyo

    Chapter 42: Journalism in Cameroon: A High Risk and Dangerous Profession?

    Peter Tiako Ngangum



    Bruce Mutsvairo is Professor and Chair of Media, Politics, and the Global South at Utrecht University, The Netherlands, where he doubles as UNESCO Chair on Data, Disinformation and Democracy. A former journalist with the Associated Press, he has published numerous scholarly books exploring the development of journalism in non-Western societies.

    Saba Bebawi is Professor and Head of Discipline for Journalism and Writing in the School of Communication at UTS. She has published on media power and the role of media in democracy-building, in addition to investigative journalism in conflict and post-conflict regions.

    Eddy Borges-Rey is Associate Professor at Northwestern University in Qatar. His area of academic expertise is digital journalism and emerging media, and his research looks at the interplay between media, technology, and power, particularly around issues in data journalism, critical data, code and algorithm studies, artificial intelligence and automation, mobile journalism, photojournalism, and data and media literacy. Prior to obtaining an MA and PhD in media and communication, Borges-Rey worked as a broadcast journalist, media producer, and PR practitioner for almost 15 years.