The Routledge Handbook of Census Resources, Methods and Applications : Unlocking the UK 2011 Census book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Census Resources, Methods and Applications
Unlocking the UK 2011 Census

ISBN 9781472475886
Published August 15, 2017 by Routledge
474 Pages - 116 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The collection of reliable and comprehensive data on the magnitude, composition and distribution of a country’s population is essential in order for governments to provide services, administer effectively and guide a country’s development. The primary source of basic demographic statistics is frequently a population census, which provides hugely important data sets for policy makers, practitioners and researchers working in a wide range of different socio-demographic contexts.

The Routledge Handbook of Census Resources, Methods and Applications provides a comprehensive and authoritative guide to the collection, processing, quality assessment and delivery of the different data products that constitute the results of the population censuses conducted across the United Kingdom in 2011. It provides those interested in using census data with an introduction to the collection, processing and quality assessment of the 2011 Census, together with guidance on the various types of data resources that are available and how they can be accessed. It demonstrates how new methods and technologies, such as interactive infographics and web-based mapping, are now being used to visualise census data in new and exciting ways. Perhaps most importantly, it presents a collection of applications of census data in different social and health science research contexts that reveal key messages about the characteristics of the UK population and the ways in which society is changing. The operation of the 2011 Census and the use of its results are set in the context of census-taking around the world and its historical development in the UK over the last 200 years.

The results of the UK 2011 Census are a unique and reliable source of detailed information that are immensely important for users from a wide range of public and private sector organisations, as well as those working in Population Studies, Human Geography, Migration Studies and the Social Sciences more generally.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Introducing the Census

1. The 2011 Census in the United Kingdom

John Stillwell

2. A History of Census Taking in the United Kingdom

Oliver Duke-Williams


Part 2: Taking the 2011 Census and Assuring the Quality of the Data

3. The 2011 Census: From Preparation to Publication

Garnett Compton, Amy Wilson and Brian French

4. The 2011 Census Quality Assurance Process

David Martin and Garnett Compton


Part 3: Delivering Different Types of Census Data to Users

5. UK Census Aggregate Statistics: Characteristics and Access

Justin Hayes, Rob Dymond-Green, John Stillwell and Victoria Moody

6. Geographic Boundary Data and Their Online Access

James Reid, James Crone and Justin Hayes

7. Census Interaction Data and Means of Access

Oliver Duke-Williams, Vassilis Routsis and John Stillwell

8. Census Microdata: Cross-sectional Samples

Jo Wathan, Paul Waruszynski and Orlaith Fraser

9. Longitudinal studies in the United Kingdom

Chris Dibben, Ian Shuttleworth, Nicola Shelton and Oliver Duke-Williams,


Part 4: Visualizing 2011 Census Data

10. Using Graphics to Drive User Engagement: Experiences from the 2011 Census

Alan Smith and Robert Fry

11. Contrasting Approaches to Engaging Census Data Users

Jim Ridgway, James Nicholson, Sinclair Sutherland and Spencer Hedger

12. The Thematic Mapper

James Reid and James Crone

13. An Automated Open Atlas for the 2011 Census of Population

Alex Singleton

14. Ethnic Identity and Inequalities: Local Authority Summaries

Ludi Simpson

15. Mapping Travel-to-work Flows

Oliver O’Brien and James Cheshire

16. Circular Migration Plots

Nikola Sander, John Stillwell and Nik Lomax


Part 5: Using 2011 Census Data for Research

17. Creating a New Open Geodemographic Classification of the UK Using 2011 Census Data

Chris Gale, Alex Singleton and Paul Longley

18. Uneven Family Geographies in England and Wales: (Non)Traditionality and Change between 2001 and 2011

Darren Smith and Andreas Culora

19. Using Census Data in Microsimulation Modelling

Mark Birkin, Michelle Morris, Tom Birkin and Robin Lovelace

20. Local Ethnic Inequalities and Ethnic Minority Concentration in Districts of England and Wales, 2001-11

Kitty Lymperopoulou, Nissa Finney and Gemma Catney

21. Using 2001 and 2011 Censuses to Reconcile Ethnic Group Estimates and Components for the Intervening Decade for English Local Authority Districts

Phil Rees, Stephen Clark, Pia Wohland, Nik Lomax and Paul Norman

22. The Prevalence of Informal Care and its Association with Health: Longitudinal Research Using Census Data for England and Wales

Maria Evandrou, Jane Falkingham, James Robards and Athina Vlachantoni

23. Using 2011 Census Data to Estimate Future Elderly Heath Care Demand

Stephen Clark, Mark Birkin, Alison Heppenstall and Phil Rees

24. Using Census Microdata to Explore the Inter-relationship Between Ethnicity, Health, Socioeconomic Factors and Internal Migration

Fran Darlington-Pollock, Paul Norman and Dimitris Ballas

25. Changes in Social Inequality, 2001-2011

Danny Dorling

26. The Spatial-temporal Exploration Health and Housing Tenure Transitions Using the Northern Ireland Longitudinal Study

Myles Gould and Ian Shuttleworth

27. Changing Intensities and Spatial Patterns of Internal Migration in the United Kingdom

John Stillwell, Nik Lomax and Stephane Chatagnier

28. Commuting Intensities and Patterns in England and Wales, 2001-2011

Thomas Murphy, John Stillwell and Lisa Buckner

29. Using Census Data for Trend Comparisons in British City Regions

Mike Coombes and Tony Champion

30. The Changing Geography of Deprivation in Great Britain: Exploiting Small Area Census Data, 1971 to 2011

Paul Norman and Fran Darlington-Pollock

31. Scale, Geographic Inequalities and the North-South Divide in England and Wales, 2001-2011

Christopher Lloyd

32. Using Contemporary and Historical Census Data to Explore Micro-scale Population Change in Parts of London

Nigel Walford


Part 6: Looking Forward and Beyond 2021

33. Towards 2021 and Beyond

Andy Teague, Meghan Elkin and Garnett Compton

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John Stillwell is Professor of Migration and Regional Development in the School of Geography at the University of Leeds. He is Director of the UK Data Service-Census Support and has worked both on both the delivery of census data to users and its application in a research context throughout his academic career. He was the Co-ordinator of the ESRC-funded Understanding Population Trends and Processes (UPTAP) programme and has been the co-editor of Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy (ASAP) since its inception in 2008.



One of the impressive aspects of this book is the way in which the Census has embraced technological advances in order to maximise its user-base. These advances range from the use of APIs to enable 3rd party organisations to rapidly use census results, to using visualisation approaches more commonly associated with non-geographic environments. The authors of more technical chapters have done an excellent job at balancing the amount of technical jargon for the experts and prose that is more accessible to readers relatively new to using the Census. – Daniel J. Exeter, From Appl. Spatial Anaylsis and Policy, 2018