2nd Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Civil-Military Relations

    406 Pages 11 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    406 Pages 11 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This second edition of The Routledge Handbook of Civil-Military Relations offers a wide-ranging, internationally focused overview of the field of civil-military relations.

    The armed forces are central actors in most societies and are involved in many different roles. Amongst other activities, they engage in peace operations, support the police in fighting crime, support civilian authorities in dealing with natural disasters, and fight against terrorists and in internal conflicts. The existing literature on this subject is limited in its discussion of warfighting and thus does not do justice to the variety of roles. This second edition not only fills this important lacuna but offers an up-to-date comparative analysis and provides a conceptual framework to analyze how strategies can realistically be implemented. Amalgamating ideas from key thinkers in the field, the book is organized into three main thematic parts: Part I: Civil-Military Relations in Non-Democratic States and Illiberal Democracies; Part II: Civil-Military Relations in New Democracies; Part III: Civil-Military Relations in Established Democracies.

    This handbook will be essential reading for students and practitioners in the fields of civil-military relations, defense studies, war and conflict studies, international security, and IR in general.

    Foreword Aurel Croissant 


    1. Introduction: Democratic Civil-Military Relations in 21st Century Florina Cristiana Matei, Carolyn Halladay, and Thomas C. Bruneau 

    Part I: Case Studies of Civil-Military Relations in Non-Democratic States and Illiberal Democracies: The Issue of Control 

    2. Civil-Military Relations in Putin’s Russia Ihor Kovalevskyi 

    3. Civil-Military Relations in a Pseudo-Democratic State: The Case of Thailand Paul Chambers 

    4. The Transformation of the Venezuelan Bolivarian Armed Forces under Chávez and Maduro Harold A. Trinkunas 

    5. Saudi Arabia: A Story of Military Allegiance Ayman Al-Yassini 

    6. Bolivia: A Tale of Praetorianism Brendan J. de Brun 

    7. The Republic of Niger: The Military as a Security and Political Actor Sebastian Elischer 

    8. Uganda: Civilian Control of the Military and its Limits Michael Skarda 

    9. Turkey—The Illusion of Civilian Control: Effectiveness in the Justice and Development Party Era Kevin McCaskey with Catherine L. Grant 

    10. Singapore: Civil-Military Fusion and Militarized Civilians Shannon A. Brown 

    Part II: Case Studies of Civil-Military Relations in New Democracies: The Issue of Effectiveness in Different Roles and Missions 

    11. Peacekeeping and Civil-Military Relations in Uruguay Diego Esparza

    12. Election Security and Democratic Civil-Military Relations in Ghana Rachel Sigman 

    13. Indonesia: The Pitfalls of Imperfect Civilian Control for Military Effectiveness Philip Lorenz 

    14. Tunisia: The Politics of Nonintervention Kevin McCaskey 

    15. The South Korean Military’s Peacekeeping Missions: A Story of Effectiveness Erik J. Leklem 

    16. Civil-Military Dividends of a Majoritarian State: The Case of Sri Lanka Anshu N. Chatterjee 

    17. Brazil: The Ebb and Flow of Democratic Civilian Control  Thomas C. Bruneau and Florina Cristiana Matei 

     18. Greece: After the Seven Year Itch of Military Rule Konstantinos Kokkalis 

    19. Peru: When Presidents Go Praetorian John "Clay" Oeffinger and Florina Cristiana Matei 

    Part III: Case Studies of Civil-Military Relations in Established Democracies: The Dynamics of Change in Control and Effectiveness 

    20. The Soldier’s Tradition and Civil-Military Relations in Germany Donald Abenheim 

    21. Civil-Military Relations in Great Britain and the "Special Relationship" Todd Greentree 

    22. Women and Civil-Military Relations: The Military Dimension of Global to Grassroots Institutional Gender Transformation Angela Grdina 

    23. The United States: Countering Terrorism Operations Paul Shemella 

    24. From Tragedy to Success in Colombia: The Centrality of Effectiveness in Civil-Military Relations Thomas C. Bruneau and Richard B. Goetze Jr. 

    25. The Civil-Military Relations Bureaucratic Machinery in Australia Michael Evans 

    26. Conclusion David Pion-Berlin


    Florina Cristiana Matei is a Lecturer at the Center for Homeland Defense and Security, Naval Postgraduate School, USA.

    Carolyn Halladay is a Senior Lecturer and Academic Associate at the Department of National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School, USA.

    Thomas C. Bruneau is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the Department of National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School, USA.