The Routledge Handbook of English as a Lingua Franca: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Routledge Handbook of English as a Lingua Franca

1st Edition

Edited by Jennifer Jenkins, Will Baker, Martin Dewey


620 pages

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pub: 2017-08-30
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The Routledge Handbook of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) provides an accessible, authoritative and comprehensive introduction to the main theories, concepts, contexts and applications of this rapidly developing field of study.

Including 47 state-of-the art chapters from leading international scholars, the handbook covers key concepts, regional spread, linguistic features and communication processes, domains and functions, ELF in academia, ELF and pedagogy and future trends.

This handbook is key reading for all those engaged in the study and research of English as a lingua franca and world/global Englishes more broadly, within English language, applied linguistics, and education.

Table of Contents


Part I: Conceptualising and positioning ELF


  1. Conceptualising ELF
  2. English as a lingua franca and intercultural communication
  3. Communities of practice and English as a lingua franca
  4. Complexity and ELF
  5. English language teaching: pedagogic reconnection with the social dimension

  6. Cognitive perspectives on English as a lingua franca
  7. Standard English and the dynamics of ELF variation
  8. Historical perspectives on ELF

Part II: Regional spread of ELF

9. ELF and the EU/wider Europe

10. English as a lingua franca in the Gulf Cooperation Council states

11. The development of English as a lingua franca in ASEAN

12. Chinese English as a lingua franca: an ideological inquiry

13. The status of ELF in Japan

14. ELF in Brazil: recent developments and further directions

15. Is English the lingua franca of South Africa?

Part III: ELF characteristics and processes

16. Analysing ELF variability

17. The pragmatics of ELF

18. Pronunciation and miscommunication in ELF interactions: an analysis of initial clusters

19. Creativity, idioms and metaphorical language in ELF

20. Grammar in ELF

21. Morphosyntactic variation in spoken English as a lingua franca interactions: revisiting linguistic variety

22. Language norms in ELF

23. Uncooperative lingua franca encounters

Part IV: Contemporary domains and functions

24. Translingual practice and ELF

25. ELF in the domain of business – BELF: what does the B stand for?

26. ELF in social contexts

27. Humour in ELF interaction: a powerful, multifunctional resource in relational practice

28. ELF in electronically mediated intercultural communication

29. ELF and multilingualism

30. ELF and translation/interpreting

Part V: ELF in academia

31. Beyond monolingualism in higher education: a language policy account

32. EMI in higher education: an ELF perspective

33. Written academic English as a lingua franca

34. Transforming higher education and literacy policies: the contribution of ELF

Part VI: ELF, policy and pedagogy

35. ELF and teacher education

36. ELF-aware teaching, learning and teacher development

37. ELF and ELT teaching materials

38. ELF and Content and Language Integrated Learning

39. ELT and ELF in the East Asian contexts

40. Language as system and language as dialogic creativity: the difficulties of teaching English as a lingua franca in the classroom

41. English language teachers and ELF

Part VII: ELF into the future: trends, debates, predictions

42. English as a lingua franca: changing ‘attitudes’

43. ELF in migration

44. Global languages and lingua franca communication

45. Language assessment: the challenge of ELF

46. ELF and critical language testing

47. The future of English as a lingua franca?


About the Editors

Jennifer Jenkins holds the Chair of Global Englishes at the University of Southampton where she is also founding director of the Centre for Global Englishes.

Will Baker is Deputy Director of the Centre for Global Englishes and convenor of MA Global Englishes, University of Southampton.

Martin Dewey is Senior Lecturer at King’s College London, where he is Programme Director for the MA in Applied Linguistics and ELT.

About the Series

Routledge Handbooks in Applied Linguistics

Routledge Handbooks in Applied Linguistics provide comprehensive overviews of the key topics in applied linguistics. All entries for the handbooks are specially commissioned and written by leading scholars in the field. Clear, accessible and carefully edited Routledge Handbooks in Applied Linguistics are the ideal resource for both advanced undergraduates and postgraduate students.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General