1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Nationalism in East and Southeast Asia

Edited By Lu Zhouxiang Copyright 2023
    640 Pages 12 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This handbook presents a comprehensive survey of the formation and transformation of nationalism in 15 East and Southeast Asian countries.

    Written by a team of international scholars from different backgrounds and disciplines, this volume offers new perspectives on studying Asian history, society, culture, and politics, and provides readers with a unique lens through which to better contextualise and understand the relationships between countries within East and Southeast Asia, and between Asia and the world. It highlights the latest developments in the field and contributes to our knowledge and understanding of nationalism and nation building. Comprehensive and clearly written, this book examines a diverse set of topics that include theoretical considerations on nationalism and internationalism; the formation of nationalism and national identity in the colonial and postcolonial eras; the relationships between traditional culture, religion, ethnicity, education, gender, technology, sport, and nationalism; the influence of popular culture on nationalism; and politics, policy, and national identity. It illustrates how nationalism helped to draw the borders between the nations of East and Southeast Asia, and how it is re-emerging in the twenty-first century to shape the region and the world into the future.

    The Routledge Handbook of Nationalism in East and Southeast Asia is essential reading for those interested in and studying Asian history, Social and Cultural history, and modern history.

    Introduction: The arrival of the age of nationalism and nation states

    Lu Zhouxiang

    Part I: Theoretical considerations

    • Applying classic and contemporary nationalism theories to East and Southeast Asia today

    Tina Burrett

    Decolonialising Southeast Asian nationalism

    Claire Sutherland

    • An alternative origin of nationalism in the East: the emergence of political subjectivity under the non-western centric world order

    Atsuko Ichijo

    The clash of empires, the rise of nationalism, and the vicissitude of Pan-Asianism in East Asia and Southeast Asia

    Yongle Zhang

    Postcolonialism, nationalism and internationalism in East and Southeast Asia

    Peter Herrmann

    • Traditional colonialism, modern hegemonism, and the construction of Asian nations

    Feilong Tian

    Part II: East Asia: the roots, growth, ingredients, expressions, and contestation of national discourses

    • Chinese nationalism in late Qing times: how to (not) change a multi-ethnic empire into a homogenous nation-state

    Julia Schneider

    • Nationalism in China, towards a non-western centric history of ideas

    Zhiguang Yin

    Nationalism, national salvation and the development of female hygiene in the Republic of China era

    Meishan Zhang

    Between a rock and a hard place: the changing Taiwanese identity and rising Chinese nationalism

    Yitan Li

    • China’s digital nationalism

    Florian Schneider

    • The dream of a strong country: nationalism and China’s Olympic journey

    Lu Zhouxiang

    • Conflict in Xinjiang: nationalism, identity, and violence

    Arabinda Acharya and Rohan Gunaratna

    • ‘Dear Asian friends, we want to build peace’: right-wing nationalism, Internationalism, and Honda Koei’s teaching about the Asia-Pacific War, 1965-1973

    Yoshiko Nozaki

    • Nationalism, history and collective narcissism: historical revisionism in twenty-first century Japan

    Sven Saaler

    • Abe’s feckless nationalism

    Jeff Kingston

    • Commercial nationalism and cosmopolitanism: advertising production and consumption of (trans) national identity in Japan

    Koji Kobayashi

    • Nation, nationalism and identity discourses in North Korean popular culture

    Udo Merkel

    • Taekwondo: a symbol of South Korean nationalism

    Udo Moenig

    • South Korea: the transition to globalist nationalism

    Charles R. Kim

    The emergence of calculated nationalism in South Korea in the twenty-first century

    Gil-Soo Han and David Hundt

    • The birth and transformation of Japanese-Korean nationalism

    Masaki Tosa

    Part III: Southeast Asia: ethnic and religious diversity, local rivalries, and political resistance

    Nationalism, colonialism and decolonisation in Southeast Asia: the rise of emancipatory nationalism

    Stefan Eklöf Amirell

    • Comparative nation building in the borderlands between China, Myanmar, and Thailand

    Enze Han

    • Nationalism, ethnicity, and regional conflicts in twenty-first century Southeast Asia

    Arabinda Acharya

    • The making of Hoa identity: migrants, nationalism and nation-building in post-colonial Vietnam

    Zhifang Song

    Writing nationalism in post-reform Vietnam: portrayals of national enemies in contemporary Vietnamese fictions

    Chi P. Pham

    • Populist nationalism in Philippine historiography

    Rommel A. Curaming

    Buddhist nationalism in Burma/Myanmar: collective victimhood and ressentiment

    Niklas Foxeus

    • Nationalism in colonial and post-colonial Myanmar: solidarities, discordance, and the crisis of community

    Maitrii Aung-Thwin

    • Competing nationalisms: shifting conceptions of nation in the construction of Indonesia in the twentieth century

    Joshua Kueh

    • Cambodian nationalism: from ideology to alternative political resource

    Kimly Ngoun

    • Xāt Lao: imaging the Lao nation through race, history and language

    Ryan Wolfson-Ford

    • Different streams of Malay nationalism from the late colonial to contemporary Eras

    Ahmad Fauzi Abdul Hamid and Azmi Arifin

    Singapore’s national narrative: ripe for renewal

    Michael D. Barr

    • Exclusion and inclusion: Melayu Islam Beraja and the construction of Bruneian nationalism and national identity

    Asiyah Kumpoh and Nani Suryani Abu Bakar

    • Nationalism in transition: construction and transformation of Rai Timor

    Takahiro Kamisuna

    • The routinization of charisma in Thai nation construction: a Weberian reading of Thai royalism, nationalism, and democracy

    Jack Fong


    Lu Zhouxiang is an Associate Professor within the School of Modern Languages, Literatures and Cultures at National University of Ireland Maynooth, Ireland.

    'Professor Lu Zhouxiang has done an excellent job in bringing together a range of essays – both general and focused on particular states, regions, and themes – concerned with nationalism in both East and South-East Asia. This will be of value to the general reader by virtue of its breadth of coverage. It will also help historians and social scientists in the field to contextualise their own findings in light of similar work by other specialists.'

    John Breuilly, Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science

    'Nationalism is one of the most powerful and important factors to shape Asia, one of the most dynamic areas in the world, and understanding it is crucial for scholars and the wider world alike. Combining syntheses of deep research with strong explanatory frameworks, this handbook will be essentially reading for all scholars of nationalism and ideology.'

    Rana Mitter, Professor, University of Oxford

    'This handbook is invaluable guide to nationalism in East and Southeast Asia. It offers a comprehensive survey of the field and is an essential work of reference for scholars of nationalism.'

    Gerard Delanty, Professor, University of Sussex