This Handbook is the first to explore the emergent field of ‘placemaking’ in terms of the recent research, teaching and learning, and practice agenda for the next few years. Offering valuable theoretical and practical insights from the leading scholars and practitioners in the field, it provides cutting-edge interdisciplinary research on the placemaking sector.
Placemaking has seen a paradigmatic shift in urban design, planning, and policy to engage the community voice. This Handbook examines the development of placemaking, its emerging theories, and its future directions. The book is structured in seven distinct sections curated by experts in the areas concerned. Section One provides a glimpse at the history and key theories of placemaking and its interpretations by different community sectors. Section Two studies the transformative potential of placemaking practice through case studies on different places, methodologies, and theoretical frameworks. It also reveals placemaking’s potential to nurture a holistic community engagement, social justice, and human-centric urban environments. Section Three looks at the politics of placemaking to consider who is included and who is excluded from its practice and if the concept of placemaking needs to be reconstructed. Section Four deals with the scales and scopes of art-based placemaking, moving from the city to the neighborhood and further to the individual practice. It juxtaposes the voice of the practitioner and professional alongside that of the researcher and academic. Section Five tackles the socio-economic and environmental placemaking issues deemed pertinent to emerge more sustainable placemaking practices. Section Six emphasizes placemaking’s intersection with urban design and planning sectors and incudes case studies of generative planning practice. The final seventh section draws on the expertise of placemakers, researchers, and evaluators to present the key questions today, new methods and approaches to evaluation of placemaking in related fields, and notions for the future of evaluation practices. Each section opens with an introduction to help the reader navigate the text. This organization of the book considers the sectors that operate alongside the core placemaking practice.
This seminal Handbook offers a timely contribution and international perspectives for the growing field of placemaking. It will be of interest to academics and students of placemaking, urban design, urban planning and policy, architecture, geography, cultural studies, and the arts.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: What Really Matters – Moving Placemaking into a New Epoch
Part 1: History and Theory of Placemaking
PREFACE: PLACEMAKING IN THE AGE OF COVID AND PROTEST
Jason Schupbach, Section Editor
2. Placemaking as an Economic Engine for All
James F. Lima and Andrew J. Jones
3. An Annotated History of Creative Placemaking at the Federal Level
4. A Future of Creative Placemaking
Sarah Calderon and Erik Takeshita
5. Making Places for Survival, Looking to A Creative Placemaking Past for a Guide to the Future
6. Listen, Connect, Act
Part 2: Practices of Placemaking
PREFACE: ‘DISASTROUS FORCES, ACCIDENTAL ACTIONS, AND GRASSROOTS RESPONSES’
Tom Borrup, Section Editor
7. Conflict and Memory: Human Rights and Placemaking in the City of Gwangju
8. Queer Placemaking and Postcolonial Time in Palm Springs
9. From the Dust of Bad Stars: Disaster, Resilience, and Placemaking in Little Tokyo
Jonathan Jae-an Crisman
10. From Moon Village to Mural Village: The Consequences of Creative Placemaking in Ihwa-dong, Seoul
Jason F. Kovacs and Hayun Park
11. Free State Boulevard and the Story of the East 9th Street Placekeepers
12. Public Transformation: Affect and Mobility in Rural America
13. Sensing our Streets: Involving Children in Making People-Centred Smart Cities
Sean Peacock, Aare Puussaar and Clara Crivellaro
Part 3: Problematizing Placemaking
PREFACE: THE PROBLEM WITH PLACEMAKING
Louise Platt, Section Editor
14. Experts in Their Own Tomorrows: Placemaking for Participatory Climate Futures
Paul Graham Raven
15. Un/Safety as Placemaking: Disabled People’s Socio-Spatial Negotiation of Fear of Violent Crime
16. More than a Mural: Participatory Placemaking on Gija Country
17. ‘I am not a Sat-Nav’: Affective Placemaking and Conflict in The Ginnel That Roared
18. ‘Homomonument Sounds Like a Poem’: Queer Placemaking 30 Years On: A Conversational Dialogue with Thijs Bartels, Author of Dancing on the Homomonument (2003)
19. Placemaking in the Ecology of the Human Habitat
Part 4: Art, Artists and Placemaking
PREFACE: THE RADICAL POTENTIAL OF PLACEMAKING
Cara Courage, Section Editor
20. Displacemaking 2015 and 2020
Catherine Fennell and Daniel Tucker
21. Placemaking Through Parkour and Art du Déplacement (ADD) as a Singaporean Applied Performance Practitioner in London
22. Embedded Artist Project: Epistemic Disobedience + Place
23. Routing Out Place Identity Through the Vernacular Production Practices of a Community Light Festival
Gail Skelly and Tim Edensor
24. Artists, Creativity, and the Heart of City Planning
25. ‘If you can make it there, you can make it anywhere…’: Cultural Placemaking at the Heart of Cities
26. Sculpturing Sound in Space: On The Circle and The Square (2016) by Suzanne Lacy
Trude Schjelderup Iversen
Part 5: Placemaking, Environment and Sustaining Ecologies
PREFACE: TOWARDS DEVELOPING EQUITABLE ECONOMIES; THE CONCEPT OF OIKOS IN PLACEMAKING
Anita McKeown, Section Editor
27. Is ‘tactical urbanism’ an Alternative to Neoliberal Urbanism?: Reflections on an Exhibition at the MoMA
28. Integral Placemaking as Wellbeing by Design: A Poiesis of Sophrosynes?
29. The Solution is in The Problem; The Art Of Turning a Threat into an Opportunity by Developing Resilience Using a Creative Placemaking Critical Praxis
30. Ecological Selves as Citizens and Governance as Ethical Placemaking
31. Seven Generations: A Role for Artists in Zuni PlaceKnowing
Theodore S Jojola and Michaela P. Shirley
32. The Hollywood Forest Story: Placemaking for the Symbiocene
33. Conceptualizing and Recognizing Placemaking by Non-Human Beings and Lessons We Might Learn from Beaver, Marx, and Ego-Transcendence
Part 6: Placemaking, Urban Design and Planning
PREFACE: THE ONLY THING CONSTANT IS CHANGE,
Kylie Legge, Section Editor
34. Reconnecting Cite and Ville
35. Planning Governance – Lessons for the Integration of Placemaking
36. Facilitator Skills for Effective Collaborative Placemaking
Husam AlWaer and Ian Cooper
37. The Neighbourhood Project: A Case Study on Community-Led Placemaking by CoDesign Studio
Eliza Charley, Lucinda Hartley, Sama Choudhury and Harriet McKindlay
38. Public Seating – A Small but Important Place in The City
Part 7: Researching and Evaluating Placemaking
PREFACE: EVALUATING CREATIVE PLACEMAKING: A COLLECTION OF OBSERVATIONS, REFLECTIONS, FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Maria Rosario Jackson, Section Editor
39. Translating Outcomes: Laying the Groundwork for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Creative Placemaking
40. Transforming Community Development through Arts and Culture: A Developmental Approach to Documentation and Research
41. Rituals of Regard: On Festivals, Folks and Findings of Social Impact
42. Creative Placemaking and Placekeeping Evaluation Challenges from the Practitioner Perspective: An Interview with Roy Chan
Maria Rosario Jackson
43. A Theory of Change for Creative Placemaking: The Experience of the National Endowment for the Arts’ Our Town Program: An interview with Particia Moore Shaffer, Ph.D.
Maria Rosario Jackson
44. Creative Placemaking and Comprehensive Community Development: Rethinking Neighborhood Change and Evaluation
Maria Rosario Jackson
PREFACE – Cara Courage
45. How the City Speaks to Us and How We Speak Back: Rewriting the relationship between people and place
Rosanna Vitiello and Marcus Willcocks
Cara Courage is a placemaking, arts, activism, and museums academic-practitioner, and Head of Tate Exchange, Tate. Cara is author of Arts in Place: The Arts, the Urban and Social Practice (Routledge, 2017), and the co-editor of Creative Placemaking and Beyond (Routledge, 2018).
Tom Borrup is an international consultant and author of The Power of Culture in City Planning and The Creative Community Builders’ Handbook. He is Senior Lecturer and Director of Graduate Studies for the University of Minnesota’s Master of Professional Studies in Arts and Cultural Leadership.
Maria Rosario Jackson’s expertise is comprehensive community revitalization, systems change, dynamics of race and ethnicity, and roles of arts and culture in communities. She is Institute Professor at Arizona State University and also has a long career in strategic planning, research and evaluation with philanthropy, government and nonprofit organizations.
Kylie Legge is the CEO and founder of place data analytics company Place Score and placemaking consultancy Place Partners. Kylie is a passionate advocate for human-centred design in cities and is the author of Doing it Differently and Future City Solutions.
Anita McKeown is an interdisciplinary artist, curator, scholar, and educator with research interests in Sustainable Creative Placemaking and Open Source Culture and Technology. She is the Co-Director of SMARTlab Skelligs, research lab in South Kerry and SMARTlab's NAISC Skellig Kerry Diaspora Network Fellow.
Louise Platt is a senior lecturer in Festival and Events at Manchester Metropolitan University. Her research interests predominantly lie in the role of festivity in places. She is on the executive committee of the Leisure Studies Association and the editorial board of Leisure Studies journal.
Jason Schupbach is a nerd, the Dean of the Westphal College of Media Arts and Design at Drexel University and a nationally recognized expert in the role that arts and design play in improving communities. He was the federal liaison to the design community in his role as Director of Design and Creative Placemaking Programs for the National Endowment for the Arts.