The Routledge Handbook of Religion, Mass Atrocity, and Genocide  book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Religion, Mass Atrocity, and Genocide

ISBN 9780429317026
Published November 22, 2021 by Routledge
506 Pages 28 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The Routledge Handbook of Religion, Mass Atrocity, and Genocide explores the many and sometimes complicated ways in which religion, faith, doctrine, and practice intersect in societies where mass atrocity and genocide occur.

This volume is intended as an entry point to questions about mass atrocity and genocide that are asked by and of people of faith and is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, historical events, and heated debates in this subject area. The 39 contributions to the handbook, by a team of international contributors, span five continents and cover four millennia. Each explores the intersection of religion, faith, and mainly state-sponsored mass atrocity and genocide, and draws from a variety of disciplines.

This volume is divided into six core sections:

  • Genocide in Antiquity and Holy Wars
  • The Genocide of Indigenous Peoples
  • Religion and the State
  • The Role of Religion during Genocide
  • Post Genocide Considerations
  • Memory Culture

Within these sections central issues, historical events, debates, and problems are examined, including the Crusades; Jihad and ISIS, colonialism, the Holocaust, desecration of ritual objects, politics of religion, Shinto nationalism, attacks on Rohingya Muslims; the Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, responses to genocide; gender-based atrocities, ritualcide in Cambodia, burial sites and mass graves, transitional justice, forgiveness, documenting genocide, survivor memory narratives, post-conflict healing and memorialization.

The Routledge Handbook of Religion and Genocide is essential reading for students and researchers with an interest in religion and genocide, religion and violence, and religion and politics. It will be of great interest to students of theology, philosophy, genocide studies, narrative studies, history, and international relations and those in related fields, such as cultural studies, area studies, sociology, and anthropology.

Table of Contents

Section 1: Genocide in Antiquity and Holy Wars

1. Genocide in Antiquity

Shawn J. Kelley

2. The Roots of Antisemitism and Genocide in Christian Antiquity

John T. Pawlikowski

3. Esau and Amalek in the Hebrew Bible and in Second Temple Jewish Apocalyptic Literature: From Propaganda to Genocide

Adam T. Strater

4. Holy Wars, Judaism, Violence, and Genocide: An Unholy Quadrinity?

Steven Leonard Jacobs

5. The Last Crusade: Holy War and Genocidal Practices in the Case of the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939)

Antonio Míguez Macho

6. Alawite Warrior-Sheikhs: Ali Khizam and the Specter of Sectarian Violence in Syria

Uğur Ümit Üngör

Section 2: The Genocide of Indigenous Peoples

7. Renewing the World: Disrupting Settler-Colonial Destruction

Kerri J. Malloy

8. Colonial New England: Genocide and the Negative Myth of the Other

Dennis Cerrotti

9. The Religious Challenges of Linking Holocaust Memory with Colonial Violence

David Tollerton

10. Sexual Violence as Genocide against Indigenous Peoples: the Case of Mayan Women in Guatemala

Elisenda Calvet Martínez

Section 3: Religion and the State

11. Religion: A Driving Force But not a Major Cause of the Turkish Genocide of Armenians

Rubina Peroomian

12. The Christian Churches, the Nazi State, and the Holocaust

Victoria J. Barnett

13. Religion and the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda

Freddy Mutanguha & Paul Rukesha

14. The "Nature of Death" in the 1947 India-Pakistan Partition Genocide

Khyati Tripathi

15. Ritualcide Under the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia: Animism, Genocide and War Crimes

Peg Levine

16. Race, Religion, and the Genocide of the Jews in Nazi Germany

Christopher Probst

17. Catholicism and State Terror in Argentina

Gustavo Morello

18. Religious Communities as Targets of the Khmer Rouge Genocide

B.D. Mowell

19. Dangerous Speech Cloaked in Saffron Robes: Race, Religion, and Anti-Muslim Violence in Myanmar

Nickey Diamond & Ken MacLean

20. The Uyghur People: History Geography, Religion, Language

Azeem Ibrahim & Nury Turkel

Section 4: The Role of Religion During Genocide

21. Religion, Resistance, and Responding to Genocide: The Cham in Cambodia

Rachel Killean

22. Sinners or Saviors: A Personal Perspective on Surviving the Holocaust

Walter Ziffer

23. Rwanda 1994: The Creation of Religious Identities in Genocide Propaganda

Olov Simonsson

24. Faith and Women Rescuers in Rwanda

Sara E. Brown

25. Jehovah’s Witnesses as ‘Citizens of the Kingdom of God’

Jolene Chu & Tharcisse Seminega

26. Music, Religion, and Genocide

Badema Pitic

Section 5: Post Genocide Considerations

27. "For Dust Thou Art, and Unto Dust Shalt Thou Return": Jewish Law, Forensic Investigation, and Archaeology in the Aftermath of the Holocaust

Caroline Sturdy Colls

28. Forensics and Maya Ceremonies: The Long Journey for Truth in Guatemala

Fredy Peccerelli & Erica Henderson

29. Reforming the Church’s Theology of the Jews: Christian Responses to the Holocaust

William Skiles

30. Mozambique: Religious Practices and Post-conflict Processes

Victor Igreja

31. Iraq and the Halabja ‘Genocide’: The need for Transformative Justice

Isaac Kfir

32. Personal Philosophies of Forgiveness after Genocide

Stephen D. Smith

33. Genocide and the Human Right to Freedom of Religion

Melanie O’Brien

34. Survival: The Case of Yezidi Women

Maria Rita Corticelli

35. An Assessment of the United Nations Plan of Action for Religious Leaders and Actors to Prevent Incitement to Violence that Could Lead to Atrocity Crimes

Kate Temoney

Section 6: Memory Culture

36. The Power of One: Narrative Analysis and an Iranian Jewish Shoah Survivor

Aria Razfar & Caroline Ezrapour Yona

37. Beyond Competitive Memory: The Preeminence of the Holocaust in Religious Studies

Katharina von Kellenbach

38. Muslim and Christian Perspectives on the Holocaust and Genocide

Mehnaz Afridi & Stephen D. Smith

39. Analyzing Holocaust Archives Through a Quantitative Lens

Alexis Lerner

Epilogue: What we know and what we still need to know

John K. Roth

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Sara E. Brown is the Executive Director of the Center for Holocaust, Human Rights & Genocide Education and served for four years on the Advisory Board for the International Association of Genocide Scholars. She is the author of Gender and the Genocide in Rwanda: Women as Perpetrators and Rescuers (2019).

Stephen D. Smith is the Finci-Viterbi Executive Director of USC Shoah Foundation, Adjunct Professor of Religion, and UNESCO Chair on Genocide Education at the University of Southern California. He is the author of The Holocaust and the Christian World (2019), The Trajectory of Holocaust Memory (Routledge, forthcoming), and Holocaust XR (Routledge, forthcoming).