The Routledge Handbook of the History of Race and the American Military provides an important overview of the main themes surrounding race in the American military establishment from the French and Indian War to the present day. By broadly incorporating the latest research on race and ethnicity into the field of military history, the book explores the major advances that have taken place in the past few decades at the intersection of these two fields. The discussion goes beyond the study of battles and generals to look at the other peoples who were involved in American military campaigns and analyzes how African Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Chicanos helped shape the course of American History—both at home and on the battlefield. The book also includes coverage of American imperial ambitions and the national response to encountering other peoples in their own countries.
The Routledge Handbook of the History of Race in the American Military defines how the history of race and ethnicity impacts military history, over time and comparatively, while encouraging scholarship on specific groups, periods, and places. This important collection presents a comprehensive survey of the current state of the field.
Table of Contents
Early Encounters: From the Colonial Era to the Mexican-American War
1. "So necessary that we could not hold the country without them": Indian and Colonial Military Cooperation in the Colonial Southeast
Julie Anne Sweet
2. African Americans and the American Revolution
Michael Lee Lanning
3. Race and Republicanism: Understanding the Mindset of the Mexican War Soldier
Richard Bruce Winders
All for the Union or All for Dixie?: Minority Service throughout the Civil War and Reconstruction
4. The Debate before the Fight: Black Northerners and the Question of Enlistment
5. Warriors or Soldiers?: Native American Combatants in the Civil War West
Clarissa W. Confer
6. "We Did Our Duty as Men Should": African Americans in the Civil War
David J. Williams
7. Race and Irregular Warfare on the Trans-Mississippi Border, 1861-1865
8. Bottom Rail on Top: Black Union Soldiers in the Army of Occupation, 1865-67
9. "Our Brave and Ever to Be Remembered Soldiers": The Contested Legacy of Black Union Military Service in the Post-Civil War South
From Empire to Ridding the World of Tyranny: Race, Mythology, Culture and War during the early Twentieth Century
10. From Black Regulars to Buffalo Soldiers: The Emergence of a Legend
11. "Are Not My Men the Same?": Race, Ethnic Identity, and Pawnee Indian Military Service During the Indian Wars
Mark van de Logt
12. Buffalo Soldiers in Africa: African American Officers in Liberia, 1910-1942
Brian G. Shellum
13. "Only America Left Her Negro Troops Behind": The African American Military Experience in the First World War
John Morrow, Jr.
14. Of Codes and Culture: The Navajo Experience in World War II
Robert S. McPherson
15. Nisei Who Said "No": Japanese American Draft Resistance in World War II
Race, the Military, and the American Century: Post World War II Politics, Racial Desegregation of the military, the African American Vietnam Experience, and
Latino service in the Armed Forces
16. "‘The Veterans’ Angle’": Ninety-third Division Ex-GI Vasco Hale, Disability, and the NAACP’s Struggle for Fair Housing and Power in Post-World War Two Hartford, Connecticut
Robert Jefferson, Jr.
17. The Political, the Personal, and the Cold War: Harry Truman and Executive Order 9981
Geoffrey W. Jensen
18. The Navy’s Search for Black Officers through ROTC and The Edge of Institutional Change
Isaac W. Hampton II
19. African Americans and the Vietnam War Era
20. The Right to Bear Arms: Enlisting Chicanos into the U.S. Military, 1940-1980
Geoffrey W. Jensen is Assistant Professor of History at Embry Riddle Aeronautical University.
The Routledge Handbook of the History of Race and the American Military is a first of its kind reference work on the intersection of race and ethnicity and America’s military establishment from the colonial period up through the late twentieth century. Its twenty well-written and documented chapters provide detailed coverage of the complex relationship between race and ethnicity and America’s military past. Students, researchers, and general readers will consider Geoffrey W. Jensen’s well-edited work an invaluable contribution to the emerging field of War and Society.
John David Smith, author of Lincoln and the U.S. Colored Troops