This handbook presents an authoritative account of the development of movements, thoughts and policies of OBCs (Other Backward Classes) in India. Despite the adoption of egalitarian principles in the Indian Constitution, caste inequalities, discrimination and exclusionary practices against people from backward classes and other lower castes continue to haunt them in contemporary India.
A comprehensive work on the politics of identity and plurality of experiences of OBCs in India, this handbook:
— Features in-depth research by eminent scholars on the Other Backward Classes (OBC) social and political thought, OBC movements and OBC development and policy making.
— Discusses the life, ideologies and pioneering contributions by Gautam Buddha, Sant Kabir, Jotirao Phule, Savitribai Phule, Shahu Maharaj, Narayana Guru, B.R. Ambedkar, Ram Manohar Lohia, and E V Ramasamy Periyar and leading social reform movements.
— Examines OBC issues with case studies from various Indian states to look at issues of pre- and post- Mandal India; backward caste movements; and reclamation of the Bahujan legacy.
— Critiques public policies and programs for the development of OBCs in India.
— Reviews the status of Muslim OBCs in India and of the invisibilized nomadic communities.
— Reviews the impact of globalization on the economically backward lower castes and the impact of development initiatives for the excluded people.
The first of its kind, this handbook will be essential reading for scholars and researchers of exclusion and discrimination studies, diversity and inclusion studies, Global South studies, affirmative action, sociology, Indian political history, Dalit studies, political sociology, public policy, development studies and political studies.
Foreword by Christophe Jaffrelot
PART I: THOUGHT AND IDEOLOGY
1. The Backward God: Gautam Buddha’s Liberative Agenda for the OBCs
2. Contesting Caste: The Revolutionary Movement of the Sant-Poets
Braj Ranjan Mani
3. The Thought and Ideology of Jotirao Phule
4. Claiming Savitribai Phule: Life and Times of a Forgotten Liberator
5. Shahu Maharaj and OBC Empowerment in Maharashtra
6. Dr Ambedkar and Annihilation of Caste
7. Narayana Guru and Formation of Political Society in Kerala: A Contemporary Critique
K V Cybil
8. E V Ramasami Periyar on Caste-Society & Category-wise Rights
9. Dr. Lohia’s Socialist Thought and Powering People
Simhadri Somanaboina and Akhileshwari Ramagoud
PART II: OBC MOVEMENTS
10. Introduction: OBCs and Social Justice
M N Rao
11. Mandal, Mandal Commission and Making of an OBC Identity
12. The Other Backward Classes: Pre- and Post-Mandal India
13. Backward Caste Movement: The Tamil Nadu Experience
K A Manikumar
14. Backward Class Movement in Karnataka
15. Politics and Public Policy of the Dominant Castes towards Backward Classes in Erstwhile Andhra Pradesh: A Critical Analysis from 1956-2014
16. OBC Movement in Maharashtra: Reclaiming the Bahujan legacy
Lata Pratibha Madhukar
17. OBC Leadership & Electoral Politics in Uttar Pradesh
A K Verma
18. Understanding Backward Caste Movement in Contemporary Bihar
19. The Other Backward Classes in Bengal: Exclusion, Exploitation and Empowerment
PART III: OBC DEVELOPMENT AND POLICIES
20. Contextualizing the Backward Classes Discourse
21. Modernization, Social Exclusion and Empowerment of Other Backward Classes in India: A Study of Gujarat
Santosh Kumar and D Sriram
22. Other Backward Classes and State Policies in Uttar Pradesh
Chitaranjan Das Adhikary
23. The Status of Muslim OBCs in India: Inclusion/Exclusion of Muslim OBCs in the Process of Modernisation and Development in Post-Independent India
Syed Amin Jafri
24. Status of Backward Caste Artisans in India: An Appraisal
K Murali Manohar
25. Entrenched Inequality among OBC Women of India: A Narrative of Telangana
26. The Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities of Telangana: A Ground Report
Akhileshwari Ramagoudand Simhadri Somanaboina
27. Media in India: Free to Exclude?
P L Vishweshwer Rao
28. The OBC vote in North India: Trends and Patterns
Sanjay Kumar and Pranav Gupta