This handbook presents a multilayered and multidimensional history of state formation in premodern India.
It explores dense and rich local and subregional historiography from the mid-first millennium BC to the eighteenth century in South Asia. Shifting the focus away from economic and political factors, this handbook revises the conventional understanding of states and empires and locates them in their quotidian conduct and activity on socio-cultural and concomitant factors.
Comprehensive in scope, this handbook addresses a range of themes connected with the idea of state formation in the subcontinent. It includes discussions and debates on ritual practices and the Brahmanical order in early India; the Delhi Sultanate and role of Sultans among the Hindu kings; the cosmopolitan ‘Islamicate’ cultural influences on Puranic Hinduism; cultural background of the Mughal state.
The handbook examines new questions and ideologies of state formation, such as:
- facets of violence and resistance;
- the significance of the autonomous spaces and forests;
- regional elites, including ‘Little kings’; tribal background of some famous cults;
- trade and maritime commerce;
- royal patronage, courtly manners, lineage formation;
- imperial architecture, monuments, and temple, among others.
Featuring case studies from different part of the India subcontinent, and with contributions by renowned historians, this authoritative handbook will be an indispensable reading for teachers, scholars, and students of early India, medieval India, premodern India, South Asian history, Asian history, historiography, economic history, historical sociology, and South Asia studies.
Table of Contents
Hermann Kulke and Bhairabi Prasad Sahu
PART I: Political Systems in Practice
1. Tidal Waves of India History - Between the Empires and Beyond
2. Autonomous Spaces and the Authority of the State: The Contradiction and its Resolution in Theory and Practice
3. The Vana and the Ksetra: The Tribal Background of Some Famous Cults
4. The State, Violence and Resistance
5. Structure of the Chiefdom in Peninsular India
6. Trade and the Making of State Society in Early India (c.600-1300 CE)
7. State Formation and the Frontiers: Autochthonous Communities, Ritual Practices and the Brahmanical Order in Early India
Bhairabi Prasad Sahu
8. Little Kingdoms
PART II: Early Medieval Polities
9. A Theatre of Broken Dreams 2.0: Vidisha during the Days of Gupta Hegemony
10. State, Patronage and Religion in the Early Valkha State (c. 4th to 5th centuries CE)
11. Violence, Courtly Manners and Lineage Formation in Early Medieval India
12. State Formation under the Western Gangas in Karnataka (4th to 10th centuries CE)
13. State Formation and Polity of Brahmapura-Kārttikeyapura in Central Himalayas (c. 5th-10th centuries CE)
Dev Kumar Jhanjh
14. State and its Fortunes: The Cola Experience, South India
15. Imperial Rulers and Regional Elites in Early Medieval Central India (8th to 13th centuries CE)
16. Revisiting the Chola State
17. Imperial Architecture and the Ideology of Kingship in Odisha: Tanjavur’s Brihadisvara Temple as the Model for Odisha’s Monumental Temples?
PART III: Into the Medieval
18. The Mouse in the Ancestry
19. Building a Past: Creation and Re-creation of a Royal Sanskrit Genealogy in Medieval Rajasthan
20. Kosalananda Kavyam and the Making of a Rajput Dynasty: A Study on the Chauhans of Western Orissa
Shishir K. Panda
21. Sultan Among Hindu Kings: Dress Titles and the Islamicization of Hindu Culture at Vijayanagara
22. Preparing for the Mughal State: A View from the Textual Worlds of the Fifteenth Century
23. Durga and the King: Ethnohistorical Aspects in the Politico-Ritual Life of a South Orissan Jungle Kingdom
PART IV: Beyond the Premodern
24. The Formation of a Centre out There: The Case of Ranpur
25. King, Goddesses and Jagannatha: Regional Patriotism and Subregional and Local Identities in Early Modern Orissa
26. Virtual Relations: Little Kings in Malabar
27. From Dispute to ‘Disturbance’: The ‘Gond Disturbances’ in late 19th century Bonai (Odisha)*
Hermann Kulke did his PhD in Indology in 1967, is Professor Emeritus of Asian History, University of Kiel, Germany. His publications include Imaging Odisha (Editor-in-Chief, 2013), History of Precolonial India: Issues and Debates (with B. P. Sahu, 2018) and Kings and Cults: State Formation and Legitimation in India and South-east Asia (2021, 3rd rpt.). In 2006 he was awarded Gold Medal, Asiatic Society, Kolkata, in 2010 he was awarded the Padma Shri by the President of India, and in 2011 the Order of Merit by the Federal Republic of Germany.
Bhairabi Prasad Sahu is Professor of History, University of Delhi, India. The Changing Gaze: Regions and the Constructions of Early India (2013), Interrogating Political Systems: Integrative Processes and States in Pre-modern India (Edited with H. Kulke, 2015) and The Making of Regions in Indian History: Society, State and Identity in Premodern Odisha (2020) are among his recent works. He has served as President, Ancient India (2003) and Secretary of the Indian History Congress (2006-09), and Council Member, Indian Council of Historical Research (2008-14), New Delhi.