This ground-breaking handbook provides multi-disciplinary insight into Chinese morality, cognition and emotion by collecting in one place a comprehensive collection of essays focused on Chinese morality by world-leading experts from more than a dozen different academic fields of study.
Through fifteen substantive chapters, readers are offered a holistic look into the ways morality could be interpreted in China, and a broad range of theoretical perspectives, including ecological, anthropological and cultural neuroscience. Offering a syncretic, multi-disciplinary overview that moves beyond the usual western-oriented perspective of China as a monolithic culture, research questions addressed in this book focus on morality as represented at the level of the individual, rather than at the group or institutional levels. Research questions explored herein include: What are the major contours of distinctively Chinese morality? What was the role of the ancient ecology, climate, and pathogen load in producing Chinese moral attitudes and emotions? Are ingredients of the good life in China different than ingredients of the good life elsewhere? How are children in China morally educated? How do findings from cultural neuroscience help us understand differences in the treatment of family members, or the treatment of strangers, in China and elsewhere? How do the protests in Hong Kong participate in, or stand apart from, the ongoing ethics of protest in historical China? The clear structure and accessible writing offer a rigorous assessment of the ways in which morality can be interpreted, shedding light on differences between China and Western cultures. The book also provides a timely window into Chinese forms of morality, and the pivotal role these play in social organization, family relationships, systems of government, emotion and cognition.
Representing fields of study ranging from philosophy, linguistics, archaeology, history, and religion, to social psychology, neuroscience, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, and behavioral ecology, this is an essential text for students, academics, and others with wide interest in Chinese culture.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Models
1: The cultural evolution of Chinese morality, and the essential value of multi-disciplinary research in understanding it
2: Doing right and not doing wrong: A social psychological model for the situated morality of the Chinese and other cultural groups
Michael H. Bond
Part 2: Distal and Subpersonal Factors
3: An Ecological Analysis of Chinese Morality: Latitude, Pathogens, Agriculture and Modernization
4: Genetic contributions to East Asian morality
Yiyi Wang & Yanjie Su
5: Cultural neuroscience perspectives on moral judgment with a focus on East Asia
Part 3: Cultural and Historical Factors
6: Cognitive Science and Early Confucian Virtue Ethics: In Defense of Habit
7: Language and Morality in Chinese Culture
8: Chinese Moral Psychology as Framed by China?s Legal Tradition: Historical illustrations of how the friction between formal and informal species of law defines the “legal soul” of China
Part 4: Developmental and Psychological Factors
9: Understanding Morality in China from a Perspective of Developmental Psychology
Liqi Zhu & Yingjia Wan
10: “The Moral Child”: Anthropological Perspectives on Moral Development in China
11: Social Psychology and the Meaning of Morality in Chinese and China: Misconceptions, Conceptions, and Possibilities
Emily E. Buchtel
Part 5: Factors of Moral Change
12: Trajectories of Moral Transformation in Contemporary China
13: Well-being and Morality in Chinese Culture
14: Protest and Chinese Morality: A Hong Kong Case Study
15: Understanding the Cultural Diversity of Chinese Morality
Yiming Jing & Huajian Cai
Ryan Nichols is a Professor of Philosophy at California State University, Fullerton. He studies China, cultural evolution, and the cultural evolution of China and Chinese thought.