The Science of Learning : 77 Studies That Every Teacher Needs to Know book cover
1st Edition

The Science of Learning
77 Studies That Every Teacher Needs to Know

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ISBN 9781138617704
Published April 23, 2019 by Routledge
188 Pages

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Book Description

Supporting teachers in the quest to help students learn as effectively and efficiently as possible, The Science of Learning translates 77 of the most important and influential studies on the topic of learning into accessible and easily digestible overviews.

Demystifying key concepts and translating research into practical advice for the classroom, this unique resource will increase teachers’ understanding of crucial psychological research so they can help students improve how they think, feel and behave in school. From large to- small-scale studies, from the quirky to the iconic, The Science of Learning breaks down complicated research to provide teachers with the need-to-know facts and implications of each study. Each overview combines graphics and text, asks key questions, describes related research and considers implications for practice. Highly accessible, each overview is attributed to one of seven key categories:

  • Memory: increasing how much students remember
  • Mindset, motivation and resilience: improving persistence, effort and attitude
  • Self-regulation and metacognition: helping students to think clearly and consistently
  • Student behaviours: encouraging positive student habits and processes
  • Teacher attitudes, expectations and behaviours: adopting positive classroom practices
  • Parents: how parents’ choices and behaviours impact their childrens’ learning
  • Thinking biases: avoiding faulty thinking habits that get in the way of learning

A hugely accessible resource, this unique book will support, inspire and inform teaching staff, parents and students, and those involved in leadership and CPD.

Table of Contents


About the Authors

Foreword by John Hattie

Introduction – How we wrote this book


1. The One About Memory

2. The One About Aspirations & Expectations

3. The One About the Planning Fallacy

4. The One About Spacing Your Learning

5. The One About Growth Mindset

6. The one About Predicating Future Behaviour

7. The One About Teacher Mindset

8. The One About Teenagers and Social Reflection

9. The One About High Expectations

10. The One About IQ and Success

11. Th One About Parents and Grades

12. The One About Student Resilience

13. The One About Marshmallow and Self-control

14. The One About Mindset and Purpose

15. The One About Spacing and Interleaving

16. The One About Parental Views on Failure

17. The one About Revising to Music

18. The One About the Importance of Sleep

19. The One About Parental Praise

20. The One About Effort being Contagious

21. The One About Teacher Rating and Learning

22. The One About Talent Bias

23. The Once About Retrieval Practice

24. The One About Thought Suppression

25. The One About Effective Feedback

26. The One About Motivating Bored Students

27. The One About Self-Analysis Over Time

28. The One About Asking Why

29. The One About the Importance of Sleep

30. The One About Mobile Phones

31. The One About Marshmallows, Reliability and Self-Control

32. The One About Note Taking

33. The One About the Impostor Syndrome

34. The One About Reading Out Loud

35. The One About Eating Breakfast

36. The One About Streaming

37. The One About Academic Buoyancy

38. The One About the Spotlight Effect

39. The One About Resilience

40. The One About Phones and Sleep

41. The One About Pictures and Words

42. The One About Teaching Others

43. The One About Experts Overclaiming

44. The One About The Kohler Effect

45. The One About the Ikea Effect

46. The One About Parental Beliefs

47. The One About Motivation

48. The One About Student Daydreaming

49. The One About Banning Mobile Phones

50. The One about going for a Walk

51. The One About Stress Mindset

52. The One About How to Give Better Feedback

53. The One About Self-Talk

54. The One About Parents and Reading

55. The One About the Seduction of Neuroscience

56. The Once About Deadlines, Choice and Procrastination

57. The One About Smart Reputations

58. The One About Emotions and Achievement

59. The One About Interacting with Nature

60. The One About Stress and Uncertainty

61. The One About Metacognition

62. The Once About Helping Disadvantages Students

63. The One About Picturing the Process

64. The One About What the Teacher Says

65. The One About Parental Warmth

66. The One About How Much We Forget

67. The One About Homework

68. The One About Mindset Attitude and Self-esteem

69. The One About Pre-questions

70. The One About the Learning Style Myth

71. The One About Eating Dinner Together

72. The One About Note Taking

73. The One About the Bandwagon Effect

74. The One About Struggling Scientists

75. The One About Effective Teachers

76. The One About Retrieval Practice and Stress

77. The One About False Confidence


Tips for Improving Memory

Tips for Improving Mindset, Motivation and Resilience

Tips for Improving Self-regulation and Metacognition

Tips for Students

Tips for Teachers’ Attitudes, Expectations and Behaviours

Tips for Parents

Tips for Overcoming Thinking Biases


References – The Studies

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Bradley Busch is a Chartered Psychologist at InnerDrive, UK.

Edward Watson is the Founder of InnerDrive, UK.

Featured Author Profiles

Author - Edward  Watson

Edward Watson

Director, InnerDrive Ltd
London, England, United Kingdom

Learn more about Edward Watson »


"Like me, I trust you will enjoy reading, dipping into, thinking about, following up, questioning and asking for more – as you touch this book. This is my ‘book of the decade’." – John Hattie, Laureate Professor at Melbourne University, Australia

"This is the book I have been waiting for. Whether you are just beginning as a teacher, or a seasoned veteran, there will be something here that will be directly relevant to your practice, and, perhaps more importantly, will make you think." – Dylan Wiliam, Emeritus Professor of Educational Assessment at UCL, UK

"This book will prove irresistible to anyone keen to understand more about essential educational research findings in the most accessible manner possible. An absolute must for every school." Professor Dame Alison Peacock, Chief Executive at The Chartered College of Teaching, UK

"The Science of Learning is a timely and precious gift to teachers. Interpreting research accurately and applying it intelligently are not easy tasks. This book has made them far easier. Every teacher should be given a copy." – Jonnie Noakes, Head of Teaching and Learning at Eton College, UK

"Busch and Watson have come up with that rarity: an educational must-read. I will be recommending it to every teacher I know!" – Chris Hildrew, Headteacher at Churchill Academy, UK

"This book is a highly practicable guide to the often impenetrable field of education research and is a very useful compass for school leaders, classroom teachers and parents alike in seeking which evidence based strategies to implement." – Carl Hendrick, author of What Does This Look Like in the Classroom?, UK

"The authors say they have three aims with the book: to bring together these articles in one book for people who otherwise don’t know where to look; to provide such content without needing a costly subscription; and to make these sources more accessible, as they can be quite difficult to read. In my opinion, they succeed with all three." - Dr Christian Bokhove, TES

"The presentation of the topics in 77 succinct sections make this a really accessible, easy to use book. It's not daunting to just tackle one topic at a time, and in total the articles add up to really practical and useful knowledge, presented clearly." - Sarah Brew, Parents in Touch

"If you’re a teacher who wants to find out about many interesting findings from educational research, without having to spend precious free periods or leisure time looking for it, you should buy this book. And if you’re a team leader, buying a copy for each member of your team would not be a bad investment – especially if you used selected studies as the basis for team discussions." - Terry Freedman, Schools Week

"This is a really excellent resource for the busy teacher, education student or study support tutor with plenty of food for thought and easy to understand classroom or teaching suggestions." - Jan Beechey MCILIP, Dyslexia Review