First published in 1999, this volume is the first full length study of one of the most important political institutions of the erstwhile Soviet political system – the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). The originality of this work lies in its main argument that the central reform during Perestroika was that of the Party and the State – a reform which ultimately resulted in the CPSU and its institutions, the Central Committee being one of the most vital among them – firstly, surrendering the monopoly over political power and control over the instrumentalities of the State and secondly, systematically de-institutionalising and dismantling the formidable Soviet political system. The seeds of transformation and the shape of politico-economic and socio-cultural systems that emerged in successor States were laid down during the Soviet era – in particular during Perestroika itself. The continuity is, therefore, as striking as the change – if not more so.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: the Perspective. 2. Historical Background. 3. The Rise of Reformism. 4. Preparing for Systemic Political Reforms: between the 27th Party Congress and the 19th Party Conference. 5. Transforming the Ideology and Shift from Political Monocentrism to Polycentrism. 6. Transforming the Political Leadership after the 19th Party Conference. 7. Remodelling the Institution of the Central Committee: the Central Secretariat, the Apparatus and the Commissions. 8. The Working of the Central Committee after the 19th Party Conference. 9. The Separation of the Party and the State. 10. Political and Social Pluralism in the Post-Soviet Era. 11. The State of the Economy in the Post-Soviet Era. 12. Conclusion.