The Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness: 10th Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness

10th Edition

By Gregory L. Weiss, Denise Copelton

Routledge

540 pages

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Description

With thorough coverage of inequality in health care access and practice, this leading textbook has been widely acclaimed by teachers as the most accessible of any available. It introduces and integrates recent research in medical sociology, and emphasizes the importance of race, class, gender, and sexuality throughout.

This new edition leads students through the complexities of the evolving Affordable Care Act. It significantly expands coverage of medical technology, end-of-life issues, and alternative and complementary health care—topics that students typically debate in the classroom. Many new text boxes and enhancements in pedagogy grace this new edition, which is essential in the fast-changing area of health care.

New to this edition:

  • More text boxes relating the social aspects of medicine to students’ lives.
  • Expanded coverage leading students through the complex impacts of the ACA and health care reform.
  • Greater emphasis on sexual minority health and LGBTQ+ persons’ experiences in the health care system.
  • Expanded coverage of medical technology, end-of-life issues, and alternative and complementary health care.
  • ‘Health and the Internet’ sections are updated and renovated to create more interactive student assignments.
  • New end-of-chapter lists of terms, with key terms as flash cards on the companion website.
  • An updated instructor’s guide, with test bank.

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgements

CHAPTER ONE

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH, HEALING, AND ILLNESS

Definition of Medical Sociology

Historical Development of Medical Sociology

Sociology’s Contribution to Understanding Health, Healing, and Illness

The Role of the Medical Sociologist in the Twenty-First Century

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Questions

Glossary

References

CHAPTER TWO

THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC MEDICINE

A Brief History of Medicine

Early Humans

Four Ancient Civilizations

Greek and Roman Societies

The Medieval Era

Medicine in the Renaissance

Medicine from 1600 to 1900

The Ascendancy of Medical Authority in America

Perspectives on the Ascendancy of Medical Authority

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Question

Glossary

References

CHAPTER THREE

SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY

The Work of the Epidemiologist

The Epidemiological Transition

Life Expectancy and Mortality

Infant Mortality

Maternal Mortality

Morbidity

Disability

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Cases

Glossary

References

CHAPTER FOUR

SOCIETY, DISEASE, AND ILLNESS

The Social Etiology of Disease

The Interrelationship of Proximate Risk Factors and Fundamental Causes: The Case of Developing Countries

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)

Cancer

HIV/AIDS

Alzheimer’s Disease

Mental Illness

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Case

Glossary

References

CHAPTER FIVE

SOCIAL STRESS

Definition of Stress

Historical Development of the Stress Concept

A Model of Social Stress

Stressors

Appraisal of Stressors

Mediators of Stress: Coping and Social Support

Stress Outcomes

The Role of Socioeconomic Status, Race, Sexual Orientation, and Gender in Social Stress

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Case

Glossary

References

CHAPTER SIX

HEALTH BEHAVIOR

The Concept of Health

Health Behavior

Describing Individual Health Behaviors

Explaining Health Behavior

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Cases

Glossary

References

CHAPTER SEVEN

EXPERIENCING ILLNESS AND DISABILITY

Stages of Illness Experience

Stage 1: Symptom Experience

Stage 2: Assumption of the Sick Role—Illness as Deviance

Stage 3: Medical Care Contact/Self-Care

Stage 4: Dependent-Patient Role

Stage 5: Recovery and Rehabilitation

Experiencing Chronic Illness and Disability

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Questions

Glossary

References

CHAPTER EIGHT

PHYSICIANS AND THE PROFESSION OF MEDICINE

The Profession of Medicine

The Social Control of Medicine

The Number, Composition, and Distribution of Physicians in the United States

Women Physicians

Changes in the Physician’s Workplace

Physician Satisfaction and Physician Impairment

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Case

Glossary

References

CHAPTER NINE

MEDICAL EDUCATION AND THE SOCIALIZATION OF PHYSICIANS

The History of Medical Education

Modern Medical Education

The Medical School Experience: Attitude and Value Acquisition

The Medical School Experience: Stress

The Medical School Experience: Career Choices

Future Directions in Medical Education in the United States

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Case

Glossary

References

CHAPTER TEN

NURSES, ADVANCED PRACTICE PROVIDERS, AND ALLIED HEALTH WORKERS

Evolution of Nurses, Advanced Practice Providers, and Allied Health Workers

Contemporary Nurses and the Field of Nursing

Advanced Practice Providers

Allied Health Workers

The Health Care Team

Relationships among Health Care Workers

The Changing Environment among Health Care Workers

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Question

Glossary

References

CHAPTER ELEVEN

COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

The Meaning of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)

Scientific Medicine and Alternative Healing

Complementary and Alternative Healers

Chiropractic

Acupuncture

Spiritual Healing and Christian Science

Ethnic Folk Healing

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Case

Glossary

References

CHAPTER TWELVE

THE PHYSICIAN–PATIENT RELATIONSHIP: BACKGROUND AND MODELS

Models of the Physician–Patient Relationship

Key Dimensions of the Physician–Patient Relationship

The Current Move to Patient-Centered

Care

The Influence of Race, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity, and Gender on the Physician–Patient Relationship

Patient Satisfaction with Physicians

Patient Adherence with Medical Regimens

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Case

Glossary

References

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

PROFESSIONAL AND ETHICAL OBLIGATIONS OF PHYSICIANS IN THE PHYSICIAN–PATIENT RELATIONSHIP

The Approach of Medical Ethics

Truth-Telling as an Issue

Confidentiality as an Issue

Obligation to Treat Patients with Highly Contagious Diseases

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Cases

Glossary

References

CHAPTER FOURTEEN

THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM OF THE UNITED STATES

Rating the Health Care System of the United States

The Health Care System of the United States

The Financing of Health Care in the United States

Explanations for the High Cost of American Medicine

America’s Uninsured Population Prior to the ACA

Historical Efforts to Reform the Health Care System

Health Care Reform of 2010: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Case

Glossary

References

CHAPTER FIFTEEN

HEALTH CARE DELIVERY

Hospitals

Freestanding Ambulatory and Surgical Sites

Nursing Homes

Hospices

Home Health Care

Summary

Health Care on the Internet

Discussion Case

Glossary

References

CHAPTER SIXTEEN

THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF ADVANCED HEALTH CARE TECHNOLOGY

Societal Control of Technology

Health Care Technology

The Right to Refuse or Demand Advanced Health Care Technology

Organ Donation and Transplantation

Assisted Procreation

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Cases

Glossary

References

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN

COMPARATIVE HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS

Major Influences on Health Care Systems

Health Care Services in Developing Countries

Types of Health Care Systems

China

Canada

England

Russia

Common Challenges to Health Care Systems Around the World

Summary

Health on the Internet

Discussion Questions

Glossary

References

List of Images

List of Figures

Name Index

Subject Index

About the Authors

Gregory L. Weiss earned his Ph.D. from Purdue University and is now Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Roanoke College. During his career, he has been an honored teacher (winning numerous college, state-wide, regional (SSS), and national (ASA’s Section on Teaching and Learning)) awards, a dedicated researcher and writer (author of Grass Roots Medicine and co-author of Experiencing Social Research and the ASA publication on Creating an Effective Sociology Assessment Program as well as dozens of scholarly articles), and active in the community in a variety of health- and animal-related organizations.

Denise A. Copelton,Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Sociology at The College at Brockport, State University of New York (SUNY). One of the first social scientists to study celiac disease and gluten-free eating, her work has been published in Social Science & Medicine, Sociology of Health & Illness, Advances in Gender Research, and Deviant Behavior, among others outlets. She is coauthor (with Amy Guptill and Betsy Lucal) of Food & Society: Principles and Paradoxes, now in its second edition. She regularly teaches courses on introductory sociology, sociology of health and illness, sociology of families, and deviance. Her college-wide leadership was recognized in 2019 with the prestigious SUNY Chancellor’s Award for Faculty Service.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC026000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General
SOC057000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Disease & Health Issues