10th Edition

The Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness





ISBN 9780367253882
Published August 12, 2020 by Routledge
518 Pages

USD $139.95

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Book Description

With thorough coverage of inequality in health care access and practice, this leading textbook has been widely acclaimed by teachers as the most accessible of any available. It introduces and integrates recent research in medical sociology and emphasizes the importance of race, class, gender, and sexuality throughout.

This new edition leads students through the complexities of the evolving Affordable Care Act. It significantly expands coverage of medical technology, end-of-life issues, and alternative and complementary health care—topics that students typically debate in the classroom. While the COVID-19 pandemic emerged after this edition of the text was originally submitted, material has been added in Chapters 3, 10, and 13 about it. Many new text boxes and enhancements in pedagogy grace this new edition, which is essential in the fast-changing area of health care.

New to this edition:

  • More text boxes relating the social aspects of medicine to students’ lives.
  • Expanded coverage leading students through the complex impacts of the ACA and health care reform.
  • Greater emphasis on sexual minority health and LGBTQ+ persons’ experiences in the health care system.
  • Expanded coverage of medical technology, end-of-life issues, and alternative and complementary health care.
  • "Health and the Internet" sections are updated and renovated to create more interactive student assignments.
  • New end-of-chapter lists of terms, with key terms as flash cards on the companion website.
  • An updated instructor’s guide with test bank.

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements

CHAPTER ONE
A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH, HEALING, AND ILLNESS

Definition of Medical Sociology
Historical Development of Medical Sociology
Sociology’s Contribution to Understanding Health, Healing, and Illness
The Role of the Medical Sociologist in the Twenty-First Century
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Questions 
Glossary 
References 

CHAPTER TWO
THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC MEDICINE

A Brief History of Medicine 
Early Humans 
Four Ancient Civilizations 
Greek and Roman Societies  
The Medieval Era 
Medicine in the Renaissance  
Medicine from 1600 to 1900
The Ascendancy of Medical Authority in America
Perspectives on the Ascendancy of Medical Authority
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Question 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER THREE
SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 
 
The Work of the Epidemiologist
The Epidemiological Transition
Life Expectancy and Mortality
Infant Mortality 
Maternal Mortality 
Morbidity 
Disability 
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Cases 
Glossary 
References 

CHAPTER FOUR
SOCIETY, DISEASE, AND ILLNESS

The Social Etiology of Disease
The Interrelationship of Proximate Risk Factors and Fundamental Causes: The Case of Developing Countries
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) 
Cancer 
HIV/AIDS 
Alzheimer’s Disease 
Mental Illness 
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Case 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER FIVE
SOCIAL STRESS 
 
Definition of Stress 
Historical Development of the Stress Concept
A Model of Social Stress 
Stressors 
Appraisal of Stressors 
Mediators of Stress: Coping and Social Support
Stress Outcomes 
The Role of Socioeconomic Status, Race, Sexual Orientation, and Gender in Social Stress
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Case 
Glossary 
References 

CHAPTER SIX
HEALTH BEHAVIOR 
 
The Concept of Health 
Health Behavior 
Describing Individual Health Behaviors
Explaining Health Behavior 
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Cases 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER SEVEN
EXPERIENCING ILLNESS AND DISABILITY

Stages of Illness Experience 
Stage 1: Symptom Experience
Stage 2: Assumption of the Sick Role—Illness as Deviance
Stage 3: Medical Care Contact/Self-Care
Stage 4: Dependent-Patient Role
Stage 5: Recovery and Rehabilitation
Experiencing Chronic Illness and Disability
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Questions 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER EIGHT
PHYSICIANS AND THE PROFESSION OF MEDICINE

The Profession of Medicine 
The Social Control of Medicine
The Number, Composition, and Distribution of Physicians in the United States
Women Physicians 
Changes in the Physician’s Workplace
Physician Satisfaction and Physician Impairment
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Case 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER NINE
MEDICAL EDUCATION AND THE SOCIALIZATION OF PHYSICIANS

The History of Medical Education
Modern Medical Education 
The Medical School Experience: Attitude and Value Acquisition
The Medical School Experience: Stress
The Medical School Experience: Career Choices
Future Directions in Medical Education in the United States
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Case 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER TEN
NURSES, ADVANCED PRACTICE PROVIDERS, AND ALLIED HEALTH WORKERS

Evolution of Nurses, Advanced Practice Providers, and Allied Health Workers
Contemporary Nurses and the Field of Nursing
Advanced Practice Providers 
Allied Health Workers 
The Health Care Team 
Relationships among Health Care Workers
The Changing Environment among Health Care Workers
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Question 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER ELEVEN
COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

The Meaning of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)
Scientific Medicine and Alternative Healing
Complementary and Alternative Healers
Chiropractic 
Acupuncture 
Spiritual Healing and Christian Science
Ethnic Folk Healing 
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Case 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER TWELVE
THE PHYSICIAN–PATIENT RELATIONSHIP: BACKGROUND AND MODELS

Models of the Physician–Patient Relationship
Key Dimensions of the Physician–Patient Relationship
The Current Move to Patient-Centered
     Care
The Influence of Race, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity, and Gender on the Physician–Patient Relationship
Patient Satisfaction with Physicians
Patient Adherence with Medical Regimens
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Case 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER THIRTEEN
PROFESSIONAL AND ETHICAL OBLIGATIONS OF PHYSICIANS IN THE PHYSICIAN–PATIENT RELATIONSHIP

The Approach of Medical Ethics 
Truth-Telling as an Issue 
Confidentiality as an Issue 
Obligation to Treat Patients with Highly Contagious Diseases
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Cases 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER FOURTEEN
THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM OF THE UNITED STATES

Rating the Health Care System of the United States
The Health Care System of the United States
The Financing of Health Care in the United States
Explanations for the High Cost of American Medicine
America’s Uninsured Population Prior to the ACA 
Historical Efforts to Reform the Health Care System
Health Care Reform of 2010: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Case 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER FIFTEEN
HEALTH CARE DELIVERY 
 
Hospitals 
Freestanding Ambulatory and Surgical Sites
Nursing Homes 
Hospices 
Home Health Care 
Summary 
Health Care on the Internet 
Discussion Case 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER SIXTEEN
THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF ADVANCED HEALTH CARE TECHNOLOGY

Societal Control of Technology 
Health Care Technology 
The Right to Refuse or Demand Advanced Health Care Technology
Organ Donation and Transplantation
Assisted Procreation 
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Cases 
Glossary 
References 
 
CHAPTER SEVENTEEN
COMPARATIVE HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS

Major Influences on Health Care Systems
Health Care Services in Developing Countries
Types of Health Care Systems 
China 
Canada 
England 
Russia 
Common Challenges to Health Care Systems Around the World
Summary 
Health on the Internet 
Discussion Questions 
Glossary 
References 

List of Images
List of Figures
Name Index 
Subject Index 

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Author(s)

Biography

Gregory L. Weiss earned his PhD from Purdue University and is now Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Roanoke College. During his career, he has been an honored teacher (winning numerous college, statewide, regional (SSS), and national (ASA’s Section on Teaching and Learning)) awards, a dedicated researcher and writer (author of Grass Roots Medicine and co-author of Experiencing Social Research and the ASA publication on Creating an Effective Sociology Assessment Program as well as dozens of scholarly articles), and active in the community in a variety of health- and animal-related organizations.

Denise A. Copelton, PhD, is Associate Professor of Sociology at The State University of New York (SUNY), College at Brockport. One of the first social scientists to study celiac disease and gluten-free eating, her work has been published in Social Science & Medicine, Sociology of Health & Illness, Advances in Gender Research, and Deviant Behavior, among others outlets. She is co-author (with Amy Guptill and Betsy Lucal) of Food & Society: Principles and Paradoxes, now in its second edition. She regularly teaches courses on introductory sociology, sociology of health and illness, sociology of families, and deviance. Her college-wide leadership was recognized in 2019 with the prestigious SUNY Chancellor’s Award for Faculty Service.