This Whitehall Paper contends that Europe is undergoing a balance of power crisis set in motion by three structural developments: US retrenchment in Europe; Germany’s emerging leadership position within the EU; and Russia’s push to recreate a sphere of influence in Eastern Europe. It analyses what these changes mean for Europe’s geopolitics, and the role that the UK and France can play in stabilising the regional order.
I Balance and Order in Europe
Europe’s Framers: Britain, the US and the Changing of the Guard
The Role of Institutions in Managing the European Balance
The End of the Cold War: Whither the European Balance?
Influence vs. Control: Anglo–American, Russian and German
Perspectives on the European Balance
Back to Square One? Europe and the Looming Shadow of US Retrenchment
II Legitimacy and Order: The US, Germany and Russia
US Strategy and European Security: Light Footprint, Heavy Burden
Russia’s Comeback: Strength from Weakness
Germany as a Reluctant Leader: Weakness in Strength
The Evolving US–German–Russian Triangle
III. Restoring Balance
How to Restore the European Balance
Keeping Europe United in Diversity, Open and Atlantic-Oriented
Re-Centring the EU?
Germany, Russia and the Space Between
The Whitehall Paper series provides in-depth studies of specific developments, issues or themes in the field of national and international defence and security. Published twice a year, Whitehall Papers reflect the highest standards of original research and analysis, and are invaluable background material for policy-makers and specialists alike.