At the turn of the millennium, Mexico seemed to have finally found its path to political and economic modernization; a state which had been deeply embedded in society was being pulled out, with new political leaders allowing market forces to play a greater role in guiding the nation’s economic development, and allowing old patron-client networks to crumble. At the same time, many hoped that political and legal reforms would increase the state’s capacity to provide prosperity, security, and equity for its citizens. In the midst of this historic transformation, however, Mexico was confronted with an urgent new policy challenge.
Internationally recognized experts from the academic and think-tank communities in the United States, Mexico, and Canada consider the origins of the current crisis in Mexico, and the nature and effectiveness of the Calderón government’s response. Simply not another book on North American regional security, this volume uses Joel Migdal’s concept of "the state in society" to provide a refreshingly clear and accessible exploration of political change in the developing world. The engagement with the US and Canada gives the reader a chance to observe the dynamics of persuasion across the developmental divide. Four key questions structure the study:
- What does the ongoing security crisis in Mexico tell us about the changing role of the state in society there?
- What does the changing role of the state tell us about the nature (and intractability) of the crisis?
- How has the transition to democracy affected the links between the state and organized crime in Mexico, and the state’s capacity to contain non-state challengers?
- What kinds of political and legal reforms are called for, and what effects can we expect them to have on the extent and intensity of violence in Mexico?
No other study comprehensively uncovers new conceptual and theoretical insights in each of these areas whilst offering some practical guidance for policy-makers and publics seeking to understand these urgent and complex challenges.
Table of Contents
1: The State and Security in Mexico: Crisis and Transformation in Regional Perspective, Brian Bow and Arturo Santa-Cruz 2: The Geopolitics of Insecurity in Mexico-United States Relations, Raúl Benítez Manaut 3: Militarization in Mexico and Its Implications, Arturo C. Sotomayor 4: Security and Human Rights in the Framework of Mexico’s "War on Drugs," Alejandro Anaya Muñoz 5: Beyond Mérida?: The Evolution of the US Response to Mexico’s Security Crisis, Brian Bow 6: Security Implications of Drug Legalization in the U.S. and Mexico, Craig A. Deare 7: A New Drug Warrior?: Canada’s Security Policy towards Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, Jean Daudelin 8: Canada’s North America Strategy, JenniferJeffs 9: Why North American Regional Security Cooperation Won’t Work, Athanasios Hristoulas 10: Mexico’s Place in Regional and Global Security: Toward a North American Security "Imaginary"?, David G. Haglund 11: Conclusions: Multiple Challenges, Multiple Regions, Multiple Perspectives, Brian Bow and Arturo Santa-Cruz
Brian Bow is Associate Professor of Political Science at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. He is the author of The Politics of Linkage: Power, Interdependence, and Ideas in Canada-US Relations (UBC Press), winner of the Donner Prize as the best public policy book published in Canada in 2009, and the co-editor (with Patrick Lennox) of An Independent Foreign Policy for Canada? Challenges and Choices for the Future (University of Toronto Press, 2008). He has also published more than a dozen book chapters and articles on Canadian foreign policy, Canada-US relations, and North American regional integration.
Arturo Santa-Cruz is Professor of Pacific Studies and director of the North American Studies program at the University of Guadalajara, Mexico. He is the author of International Election Monitoring, Sovereignty, and the Western Hemisphere Idea: The Emergence of an International Norm (Routledge, 2005), and editor of What’s in a Name? Globalization, Regionalization, and APEC (University of Guadalajara/Sydney University of Technology, 2004). He has also published extensively on regional politics in the Asia-Pacific, Mexico-US relations, and Mexican foreign policy.
"Bow and Santa-Cruz have assembled an iconoclastic group to assess the origins, evolution, and effects of the drug-induced security crisis of North America. The book is filled with penetrating analyses and imaginative ideas."
—Robert A. Pastor, American University
"Bow and Santa-Cruz’s The State and Security in Mexico does a remarkable job of weaving together Mexico’s domestic war on drug trafficking and organized crime—a war that has killed upwards of 50,000 people—and the regional spillover of the violence to the United States and even to Canada. Bow and Santa-Cruz have produced a wonderful volume linking state-society struggles, national security, and regional cooperation (and conflict)."
—Joel S. Migdal, University of Washington