1st Edition

The Theory of Collective Reconciliation A Trinity of Recognition, Responsibility and Reparation

By Vahagn Avedian Copyright 2025
    322 Pages
    by Routledge

    What does reconciliation mean and entail? Is collective reconciliation for entire societies or nations possible? This book aims to present it as a highly achievable albeit difficult and complex goal requiring political and collective commitment, resources, and—most importantly—the will to change.

    Reconciliation is the synthesis and an overarching process consisting of a trinity of recognition, responsibility, and reparation. Through comparative case studies where these different aspects have been implemented in a variety of degrees and combinations, the book illustrates how these constituent parts relate to each other and how they can enhance and complement one another. It also investigates whether there are scenarios where the omission of a certain part can in fact have a positive impact on the reconciliatory process in the short and long term, the extent to which the order in which different measures are implemented matters, and how national cases differ from international ones.

    This volume is aimed at postgraduates, researchers, and academics of peace and conflict studies, as well as history, social sciences, political sciences, and legal studies.


    1. Reconciliation

    2. Recognition

    3. Responsibility

    4. Reparation

    Conclusion: Reconciliation: A Utopic Buzzword or an Achievable Goal?


    Vahagn Avedian holds a PhD in history and specializes in peace and conflict research with focus on human rights and democracy. He is the author of Knowledge and Acknowledgement in the Politics of Memory of the Armenian Genocide (Routledge, 2018).