1st Edition

The Three Rings The History of the Spanish Jews

By Poul Borchsenius Copyright 1963
    244 Pages
    by Routledge

    Originally published in 1963, this book covers one of the least known parts of Jewish history: the golden age of Jewish culture in Spain with the interaction of Jewish, Muslim and Christian cultures, the horrors of the Inquisition and the final banishment of the race from the Iberian peninsula. In the Middle Ages there were large numbers of Jews in most Spanish cities: financiers and statesmen, poets and musicians, honoured by the rulers of great cities such as Cordoba, Seville, Granada and Toledo. Their history ended abruptly as they were persecuted and dispossessed, the survivors scattered over many countries. This book tells this story and provides a fascinating record of their literature and art.

    1.The Three Rings 2. The Rings are Forged 3. Under the Crescent 4. -and the Star 5. The First Nightingale 6. Shadows of the Cross 7. The Song Birds Tune Their Lyres 8. No One Like Moses 9. The Cabbala 10. Thunder in the North 11. Castles in Spain 12. Reconquista 13. Isabella 14. Granada 15. Ahasverus.


    Poul Borchsenius was a Danish pastor and author. During the Nazi occupation of Denmark in the Second World War, Borchsenius was an active member of the underground resistance. He escaped to Sweden, where he engaged in welfare work among his Christian fellow-refugees.

    Original review of The Three Rings:

    ‘Superbly told, rich in scholarship, profound in sympathy, alive with the infectious vitality of the Jewish race.’ The Scotsman

    ‘A remarkably interesting and readable history of the Spanish Jews’ The Church Times.