The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 stunned the world and ushered in a new period of superpower confrontation. Research into Afghan society was severely curtailed, and the ability to research the Afghan resistance was non-existent. This book, first published in 1988, was the result of a Swedish seminar that focused on the results of the war on the people and culture of Afghanistan.
Part 1. Ethnicity and the New Nationalism 1. When Muslim Identity Has Different Meanings: Religion and Politics in Contemporary Afghanistan Asger Christensen 2. Cultural Changes Among the Mujahidin and Muhajerin Louis Dupree 3. Concepts of Personal, Moral and Social Disorder Among Durrani Pashtuns in Northern Afghanistan Nancy and Richard Tapper 4. The Kushans – An Afghan Search for Roots Richard N. Frye 5. Ethnic Factors in Afghanistan’s Future Eden Naby Part 2. Afghan Learning and Education 6. Past and Present Education in Afghanistan – A Problem for the Future Sayd B. Majrooh 7. Scholars, Saints and Sufis in Modern Afghanistan Bo Utas 8. Modern Political Culture and Traditional Resistance Olivier Roy 9. Afghan Education During the War Batinshah Safi Part 3. The War 10. Modernisation from Below: the Afghan Resistance Between the Fight for Liberation and Social Emancipation Jan-Heeren Grevemeyer 11. A Local Perspective on the Incipient Resistance in Afghanistan Jan Ovesen 12. The Afghan Resistance: Achievements and Problems Mohammad Es’haq 13. An Assessment of the New Mujaheddin Alliance Sabahuddin Kushkaki Part 4. Ecology 14. Ecology and the War in Afghanistan Terje Skogland 15. Effects of the War on Agriculture Mohammad Qasim Yusufi Part 5. The Exile 16. What Happens to Honour in Exile? Continuity and Change Among Afghan Refugees Inger W. Boesen 17. Afghan Nomads Trapped in Pakistan Bernt Glatzer 18. The Role of the VOLAGs Nancy Hatch Dupree