At the beginning of the twenty-first century the consequences of fundamental global economic, political, social and cultural transformations that have been underway for decades challenge modern citizenship. There can be no doubt that modern citizenship can no longer operate as it did in the second half of the twentieth century. Neither the politico-economic foundation nor the idea of political participation nor formerly clear-cut boundaries or the
Western idea of peaceful deliberation about citizens’ rights can be taken for granted any longer. All over the world the rights of citizens have come under enormous pressure.
This is true in the face of an extreme asymmetry of power between organised economic interests and citizens that try to defend once achieved standards of living; it is also true given new political centres of decision-making that are beyond the control of citizens; it is true for newly emerging boundaries that are mobilised in order to re-define arrangements of inclusion and exclusion; finally, it is true for growing resistance among the citizenries and violent upheavals against both autocratic and declining democratic regimes such as France and Great Britain. Against this background The Transformation of Citizenship addresses the basic question of how we can make sense of citizenship in the twenty-first century.
These volumes make a strong plea for a reorientation of the sociology of citizenship and address serious threats of an ongoing erosion of citizenship rights. Arguing from different scientific perspectives, rather than offering new conceptions of citizenship as supposedly more adequate models of rights, membership and belonging, they deal with both the ways citizenship is transformed and the ways it operates in the face of fundamentally transformed conditions.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction. A Political Economy of Citizenship, (Jürgen Mackert / Bryan S. Turner)
2. Variegated Neoliberalism, Finance-dominated Accumulation and Citizenship, (Bob Jessop)
3. Lawyers, Economists, and Citizens. The Impact of Neo-liberal European Governance on Citizenship, (Christian Schmidt-Wellenburg)
4. Market Integration, Monetary Union and Democracy in the Eurozone. The Role of Germany, (Heiner Ganßmann)
5. Varieties of Austerity Capitalism and the Rise of Secured Market Citizenship: The Neo-liberal Quest Against Social Citizenship, (Dieter Plehwe)
6. How Grandpa Became a Welfare Queen. Social Insurance, the Economisation of Citizenship, and a New Political Economy of Moral Worth, (Margaret R. Somers)
7. Why We Need a New Political Economy of Citizenship. Neo-liberalism, the Bank Crisis, and the ‘Panama Papers’, (Jürgen Mackert)
8. Citizenship in Detroit in a Time of Bankruptcy, (Marc W. Kruman)
9. The Social Bond of Consumer Citizens. Exploring Consumer Democracy with Actor-Network-Pragmatism, (Jörn Lamla)
10. Citizenship in French Poor Neighbourhoods. From Civil Rights Movement to Transnational Islamist Terrorism, (Dietmar Loch)
11. Strategies of Households in Precarious Prosperity in Chile, Costa Rica, Spain and Switzerland, (Monica Budowski and Sebastian Schief)
12. Demography and Social Citizenship, (John C. Torpey and Bryan S. Turner)
1. Introduction. Citizenship and Its Boundaries, (Jürgen Mackert / Bryan S. Turner)
2. Citizenship as Political Membership. A Fundamental Strand of Twentieth and Twenty-first Century European History, (Dieter Gosewinkel)
3. Secular Law and Sharia. Accommodation and Friction, (Christian Joppke)
4. The Consumer-Citizen Nexus. Surveillance and Concerns for an Emerging Citizenship, (Jason Pridmore)
5. Contentious Citizenship. Denizens and the Negotiation of Deportation Measures in Switzerland, (Gianni D’Amato and Noemi Carrel)
6. ‘In Its Majestic Inequality’. Migration Control and Differentiated Citizenship, (Juan M. Amaya-Castro)
7. National Origins of Frontex Risk Analysis. The French Border Police’s Fight against Filières, (Sara Casella Colombeau)
8. Is there a European Refugee Citizenship in the Making? The Still Weak Institutional Basis of a Common European Asylum System, (Ludger Pries and Natalia Bekassow)
9. Antinomies of European Citizenship. On the Conflictual Passage of a Transnational Membership Regime, (Sandra Seubert)
10. European Citizenship and Identity Politics in Europe. Is the Citizenship Narrative a Good Plot for Constructing the Collective Identity of the People Living in Europe?, (Klaus Eder)
11. European Citizenship Between Cosmopolitan Outlook and National Solidarities, (Richard Münch)
1. Introduction. Citizenship and Political Struggle, (Jürgen Mackert / Bryan S. Turner)
2. Rule-breaking as a Tactics for Acquiring Rights, (Dieter Rucht)
3. Occupy Citizenship. Protest, Critique, Emancipation, (Igor Štiks)
4. In the Zone of Spoiled Civil Identity. The Riots in Suburban France in 2005, (Eddie Hartmann)
5. Citizenship, Masculinities and Political Populism. Preliminary Considerations in the Context of Contemporary Social Challenges, (Joshua M. Roose)
6. The Decline of the Legitimate Monopoly of Violence and the Return of Non-state Warriors, (Cihan Tuğal)
7. Citizenship and Violence in the Arab Worlds. A Historical Sketch, (Benoit Challand)
8. Citizenship Experiences in ‘Fragmented Sovereignty Scenarios’. Two Cases from Colombia, (Carolina Galindo)
9. Authoritarian and Resistant Citizenship. Contrasting Logics of Violence Diffusion and Control in Latin America, (Jenny Pearce)
Jürgen Mackert is Professor of Sociology at the Faculty of Economics and the Social Sciences, and Co-Director of the Centre for Citizenship, Social Pluralism and Religious Diversity at Potsdam University, Germany.
Bryan S. Turner is a professor in the Institute for Religion Politics and Society the Australian Catholic University Melbourne and the Director of the Centre for Citizenship, Social Pluralism and Religious Diversity at Potsdam University, Germany. He is the Max Planck Research Award Winner of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and the Max Planck Society 2015. He is Honorary Professor at Potsdam University, Germany.