The Transition to Democracy in Hungary: Árpád Göncz and the Post-Communist Hungarian Presidency, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Transition to Democracy in Hungary

Árpád Göncz and the Post-Communist Hungarian Presidency, 1st Edition

By Dae Soon Kim


296 pages | 2 B/W Illus.

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Unlike in other countries of Eastern Europe where the opposition to communism came in the form of single mass movements led by charismatic leaders such as Václav Havel and Lech Wałęsa, in Hungary the opposition was very fragmented, brought together and made effective only by the authoritative, significant but relatively unknown Árpád Göncz, who subsequently became Hungary’s first post-communist president.

This book charts the political career of Árpád Göncz, outlining the outstanding contribution he made to Hungary’s transition to democracy. Drawing on a wide range of sources, including archives and interviews with Göncz himself and others, it shows how Göncz, unlike Havel who was a playwright and whose political role was largely symbolic, was a campaigning politician all his life, consistently advocating social democratic, but not communist, values. Imprisoned from 1956 for his participation in the 1956 uprising, Göncz was a highly-effective political operator in the transition period around 1989, and as president wielded real power effectively. As politics in Hungary are again marred by deep division and fragmentation, Göncz’s success in bringing rival groups together is even more pronounced.


"This book offers an insightful analysis of the transformation of the political order in Hungary, which is needed more than ever to better analyse the current situation in the country."

Digdem Soyaltin, Stockholm University

Europe-Asia Studies, 67:5, pages 839-840

Table of Contents

Introduction Part 1: Development of Göncz’s political views 1. Beginnings 2. The 1956 Hungarian Revolution 3. Dissidence in the 1980s Part 2: The post-Communist Presidency 4. Development of the post-Communist Presidency in Hungary 5. The first Presidency (1990-1995) 6. The second Presidency (1995-2000) 7. Conclusion

About the Author

Dae Soon Kim is a Lecturer in Politics at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Korea

About the Series

BASEES/Routledge Series on Russian and East European Studies

This series is published on behalf of BASEES (the British Association for Slavonic and East European Studies). The series comprises original, high-quality, research-level work by both new and established scholars on all aspects of Russian, Soviet, post-Soviet and East European Studies in humanities and social science subjects.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / General