The Tree of Life and Arboreal Aesthetics in Early Modern Literature
The Tree of Life and Arboreal Aesthetics in Early Modern Literature explores the vital motif of the tree of life and what it meant to early modern writers who drew from its long histories in biblical, classical and folkloric contexts, giving rise to a language of trees, an arboreal aesthetics. An ancient symbol of immortality, the tree of life was appropriated by Christian ideology and iconography to express ideas about Christ; however, the concept also migrated beyond religious doctrine. Ideas circulating around the tree of life enabled writers to imagine and articulate ideas of death and rebirth, loss and regeneration, the condition of the political state and personal states of the soul through arboreal metaphors and imagery. The motif could be used to sacralise landscapes, such as the garden, orchard or country estate, blurring the lines between contemporary green spaces and the spiritual and poetic imaginary. Located within the field of environmental humanities, and intersecting with ecocriticism and critical plant studies, this volume outlines a comprehensive history of the tree of life and offers interdisciplinary readings of focus texts by Shakespeare, George Herbert, Henry Vaughan, Aemilia Lanyer, Andrew Marvell and Ralph Austen. It includes consideration of related ideas and motifs, such as the tree of Jesse and the Green Man, illuminating the rich histories and meanings that emerge when an understanding of the tree of life and arboreal aesthetics are brought to the analysis of early modern literary texts and their representations of green spaces, both physical and metaphysical.
List of Figures
- Arboreal Aesthetics: the Language of Trees
- The Garden of the soul: George Herbert, Henry Vaughan and the tree of life
- Political gardens: Shakespeare and the tree of life
- The Tree of Life in the Country Estate: Aemilia Lanyer
- Andrew Marvell and the forest of the mind
- The Sacred Orchard: Ralph Austen and the tree of life
"In this exciting new work, [Bladen] establishes further perceptions, making the concept of ‘arboreal aesthetics’ her basis for a fresh approach to deeper cultural understandings. Drawing attention to the phenomenon of the tree of life motif in both religious and secular understanding of the natural world, she examines diverse poetic forms, finding that aesthetic considerations embrace changing political realities through the seventeenth century. Victoria Bladen has provided us with an elegant and important contribution to the Routledge series ‘World Literature and the Environment’."
-- Christopher Wortham, The University of Western Australia, Parergon 39.2 (2022)