The Triumph and Tragedy of the Intellectuals: Evil, Enlightenment, and Death, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Triumph and Tragedy of the Intellectuals

Evil, Enlightenment, and Death, 1st Edition

By Harry Redner

Routledge

340 pages

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Description

This fourth instalment of Harry Redner's tetralogy on the history of civilization argues that intellectuals have a brilliant past, a dubious present, and possibly no future. He contends that the philosophers of the seventeenth century laid the ground for the intellectuals of the eighteenth century, the Age of Enlightenment. They, in turn, promoted a fundamental transformation of human consciousness: they literally intellectualized the world. The outcome was the disenchantment of the world in all its cultural dimensions: in art, religion, ethics, politics, and philosophy.

In this fascinating study, Redner demonstrates how secularization took the sting out of both the dread and promise of an afterlife and intellectuals learned to die without the hope of immortality popularized by philosophy and religion. Ultimately, they produced the ideologies that generated the totalitarian regimes of the twentieth century, which subsequently exterminated these intellectuals through mass murder on a scale never before experienced. The book traces the sources of this fatal entanglement and goes on to examine the contemporary condition of intellectuals in America and the world.

Wherein lies the future of the intellectuals? Redner suggest that in the present state of globalization, dominated by technocrats, experts, and professionals, their fate remains uncertain.

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
Part I: Evil and the Tragedy of the Intellectuals
1 How Intellectuals Arrived at Radical Evil
Section I—From Ideologies to Exterminism
Section II—From Ideals to Ideologies
Section III—From Philosophy to Revolution
2 The Psychology and Sociology of Radical Evil
Section I—Intellectual Hatred Is the Worst
Section II—The Victimization Process
Section III—How to Succeed by Evil Means
3 On How to Judge Radical Evil Doers
Section I—A Reading of Pascal
Section II—Historical Varieties of Evil
Section III—On a Fortuitous Misreading of Kant
Section IV—Pascal's Premonition of Radical Evil1
Part II: Enlightenment and the Triumph of the Intellectuals1
4 The Varieties of Intellectuals in Europe
Section I—Intellectuals in General
Section II—Intellectuals and the Enlightenment
Section III—Intellectuals in France
Section IV—Intellectuals in Germany and Russia
Section V—Intellectuals in England and Scotland
5 The Intellectualization of the World
Section I—Intellectualization of Politics,
Philosophy, and Religion
Section II—Intellectualization of Morals
Section III—Intellectualization of the Arts
6 The Fall of the Intellectuals in Europe and America
Section I—Pride before the Fall
Section II—The Last of the Intellectuals
Section III—New World Intellectuals
Section IV—Intellectuals and Technocrats
Part III: Death and Afterlife
7 Death in History
Section I—The Death of Hume
Section II—Representations of Death throughout the Ages
Section III—Borkenau and Freud
8 De-demonization and Democracy
Section I—Plato and Paul and the Devil Himself
Section II—The Birth of Democracy from the
Spirit of Enlightenment
9 The Many Faces of Death
Section I—Mass Mechanical Death
Section II—Modern Death and the Afterlife
10 The Return of the Intellectuals
Section I—Intellect and Intelligence
Section II—Generalist Intellectuals
Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHI016000
PHILOSOPHY / History & Surveys / Modern