The conflict in eastern Ukraine continues with little sign of a negotiated resolution. Crimea has been absorbed into the Russian Federation, and celebrates the third anniversary of its ‘integration’ in March 2017. The ongoing nature of the conflict contrasts with a lack of academic exploration of the issues surrounding it. To date, most analyses have focused on the geopolitical implications of the Ukrainian crisis, such as the impact on NATO-Russia relations, and foreign policy responses to the crisis from a variety of state and supranational actors including the EU and Russia. The role of sub-state and non-state actors, and implications for them, has been largely overlooked.
This volume seeks to rectify this by examining a wide array of non-state and sub-state actors that have both played a role in the conflict in Ukraine and been indirectly impacted by it.
1. Introduction: The Ukrainian crisis: sub-state and non-state actors Tracey German and Emmanuel Karagiannis 2. Half measures and incomplete reforms: the breeding ground for a hybrid civil Society in Ukraine Laura Cleary 3. No Moscow stooges: identity polarization and guerrilla movements in Donbass Anna Matveeva 4. The irreversibility of history: the case of the Ukrainian crisis (2013–2015) Stylianos A. Sotiriou 5. Radicalization of Russians in Ukraine: from ‘accidental’ diaspora to rebel movement Ivan D. Loshkariov and Andrey A. Sushentsov 6. Proxy agents, auxiliary forces, and sovereign defection: assessing the outcomes of using non-state actors in civil conflicts Vladimir Rauta 7. Paramilitary motivation in Ukraine: beyond integration and abolition Tetyana Malyarenko and David J. Galbreath 8. Ukrainian volunteer fighters in the eastern front: ideas, political-social norms and motions as mobilization mechanisms Emmanuel Karagiannis 9. Russia and South Ossetia: conferring statehood or creeping annexation? Tracey German 10. Transnistrian strategy in the context of Russian–Ukrainian relations: the rise and failure of ‘dual alignment’ Igor Istomin and Irina Bolgova