The essays in this book are concerned with the intellectual development of the Spanish Empire in America from 1492 until Independence in the 1820s. The first section deals with the creation of a powerful language of natural law in the 16th and 17th centuries. The second explores the ways in which this was used to account for, and to deprecate, the cultures of the Native Americas. The final section traces the emergence of Enlightenment modes of approaching the subject of ’Others’, both in Europe and the New World, and charts the emergence of a separate cultural identity among the creole population of the Americas.
Table of Contents
Contents: The diffusion of Aristotle’s moral philosophy in Spain c.1400-c.1600; Nueva luz sobre una versiÃ³n espan}ola cuatrocentista de la ’Ã‰tica a Nicomaco’; The search for order: the ’School of Salamanca’ and the ius naturae; The reception of the ’New philosophy’ in 18th century Spain; The humanism of Vasco de Quiroga’s InformaciÃ³n en derecho; Ius et Factum: text and experience in the writings of Bartolomé de las Casas; The forbidden food: Francisco de Vitoria and José de Acosta on cannibalism; Cannibalismo e contagio; The savage critic: some European images of the primitive; Indios e immaginazione europea: come l’indiano europeo divenne l’indiano americano; The ’defence of civilization’ in 18th century social theory; La lotta contra l’ eterodossia nelle cittÃ dell’ impero spagnolo; ’Con tÃtulo y con no menos mérito que el de Alemania, que Vuestro Sacra Majestad posee’: Rethinking the conquest of Mexico; The creation of identity in colonial Spanish America: c.1520-c.1830; Liberty, honour and Comercio libre: the structure of the debates over the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; 1492-1992: five centuries of anxiety; Index.