China’s territorial disputes with India have been a matter of debate since 1950s. While China has amicably resolved boundary disputes with twelve out of its fourteen neighbouring countries, it is yet to resolve its boundary disputes with India and Bhutan as also its maritime disputes in the South China Sea and East China Sea. This volume looks at the complex dynamics of India–China boundary disputes which remains unresolved. It is still the biggest challenge to the relations between the two countries.
From the Indian perspective securing Arunachal and the Indus Watershed is highly important. From the Chinese point of view Karakoram and Xinjiang–Tibet road must be respected. Secondary issues have always occupied a central and pivotal focus in the relations between India and China.
This work also shows how British efforts to secure a defined and natural boundary began immediately after the creation of Jammu and Kashmir in 1846 after Amritsar treaty. In the eastern sector such an effort began only in the first decade of twentieth century. Relevant documents have been presented which examines the role of bureaucrats, diplomats, generals and surveyors. It examines the treaties, conventions, correspondence as well as internal debates between changing British officials and their conflicting British policies. Nehru refused Chou En Lai in 1960, which in turn led to the unilateralism in Chinese attitude after 1962.
The volume breaks new ground by evaluating the differing policies, and explains how a secured boundary can ultimately be agreed upon.
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Table of Contents
1. Introduction; Part 1: Geographical and Historical Analysis 2. Geographical and Historical Analysis: Central Asia; 3. Geographical and Historical Analysis: Western Sector 4. Geographical and Historical Analysis: Middle Sector 5. Geographical and Historical Analysis: Eastern Sector 6. Geographical and Historical Analysis: Tibet 7. Pilgrim and Tourist Centres 8. Panorama of the Himalayas 9 . An Anthropological View 10. Roads and Treks: Communication Channels, Part II: History of Sino–Indian Rivalry; 11. History of Sino–Indian Interactions; 12. The McMahon Line; 13. Map War: Source of Confusion 14. Forward Policy 15. A Clash of Personalities ; Krishna Menon vs. Thimayya; Jawaharlal Nehru vs. Chou En Lai 16. Leading Up to War: Nehru’s Folly 17. War Analysis: An Appraisal 18. The Actual Motives and Aims 19. Respective Border Stands 20. The Aftermath: Colombo Proposal 21. The Solution; Part III: Geographical and Historical Analysis of Middle Sector 22. Exploration in Border Villages of Kinnaur; and Spiti, Full Throttle in the Alluding Himalayas and Beyond; My Personal Encounters with Radiant; Himalayas and Beyond
Raghav Sharan Sharma is the President of the All India Forward Kisan Sabha, and Director of Swami Sahajanand Research Institute, Varanasi. He has written and edited several books such as Indo-China Rivalry; Naxal Movement; Collected Works of Swami Sahajanand; India’s War of Independence through Kisan Documents, among others.