The proximity of vast reserves of natural gas to the great energy-consuming markets of the world, the relative environmental harmlessness of gas, and its competitive price make the use of gas increasingly attractive to an energy-hungry world. Within the next two decades we will see the use of gas and gas-related technologies expand in industrialized nations as well as among developing countries. An international group of authorities on the political economy of natural gas analyzes the key factors influencing present gas supplies and uses and looks to the future, when new logistic systems and technological advances will affect both producers and consumers. The basic political, economic, and security considerations of energy will undergo a concomitant change in response to the increased availability and affordability of gas. In most markets, government monopolies direct the gas trade; in North America there will be a renewed role for private enterprise. Japan may also find its position greatly altered; although there are at present no pipeline connections to suppliers, and Japan is currently dependent on far-away sources of liquified natural gas, the contributors predict that future gas links to East Asia are highly likely. The World Gas Trade explores the growing gas trade, anticipating that within the next several decades the foundation will have been laid for gas-fueled economies to displace oil-based economies in the world system.
Preface -- Overview -- International Gas Trade: The Three Major Markets -- International Gas Contracts -- Europe’s Natural Gas Industries -- Perspectives on the Role of Norwegian Gas -- Gas in Eastern Europe and the U.S.S.R. -- Present and Future Problems of Japan’s LNG -- Canadian Natural Gas Trade with the United States: A Case Study -- The Canadian Natural Gas Industry: Road to Deregulation -- Mexican Natural Gas: A Lost Opportunity? -- Beyond the Rainbow: Gas in the Twenty-First Century -- Final Note