The World Health Organization (WHO) is undergoing a crisis of credibility and challenge. Having been subjected to a severe financial crisis and criticisms of its management of pandemics such as the H1N1 flu case and the outbreak of Ebola, with a new Director-General at its helm, it is an ideal time to review the WHO’s past and current achievements including on-going operations and reported failures. Whilst time is given to recurrent attacks on WHO performance, it is balanced by also highlighting the WHO’s leadership, its member states, and its influence on other actors, NGOs and business. As such, this study reviews the WHO’s actions in the most visible programmes such as SARS, H1N1, Ebola and also smallpox, malaria, onchocerciasis, polio and AIDS. The author also discusses the desirable balance between operational and normative functions and proposals for reform of the Organization.
Yves Beigbeder’s splendid scholarship comes at a pivotal moment for WHO—after its widely criticized response to Ebola. Will the Organization become the global health leader it was meant to be? Or will member states starve it of funding, as its capabilities wither? Yves Beigbeder’s important ?book illuminates these vital questions?, urging, rightfully, for a reenergized WHO to fight global health crises arising today and into the future. – Lawrence O’Gostin, Professor, Georgetown University and Director, World Health Organization Collaborating Center on National & Global Health Law.
List of Abbreviations
Part I Who’s Mandate, Governance and Programmes
Chapter 1 Mandate, Structure and Functions
Chapter 2 Strategy and Programmes
Part II Global Outbreaks and Pandemics
Chapter 3 The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and The Avian Influenza
Chapter 4 The H1n1 Flu Pandemic Crisis and The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
Chapter 5 The Fight Against Ebola
Chapter 6 Fighting Zika
Part III Communicable Diseases: Control or Eradication?
Chapter 7 Fighting Malaria
Chapter 8 The Eradication of Smallpox
Chapter 9 The Onchocerciasis Control Programmes
Chapter 10 The Eradication of Polio
Chapter 11 The Global Fight Against Aids
Chapter 12 Fighting Tuberculosis
Part IV Fighting Non-Communicable Diseases
Chapter 13 Access to Essential Medicines
Chapter 14 Nutrition issues
Chapter 15 Fighting tobacco and alcohol
Series Editor: John J. Kirton, University of Toronto, Canada
Global governance is growing rapidly to meet the compounding challenges of a globalized 21st-century world. Many issues once dealt with largely at the local, national or regional level are now going global, in the economic, social and political-security domains. In response, new and renewed intergovernmental institutions are arising and adapting, multilevel governance is expanding, and sub-national actors are playing a greater role, and create complex combinations and private-partnerships to this end.
This series focuses on the new dynamics of global governance in the 21st century by:
In all cases, it focuses on the central questions of how global governance institutions and processes generate the effective, legitimate, accountable results required to govern today’s interconnected, complex, uncertain and crisis-ridden world.