For the Jewish world and the Yishuv in particular, the 1930s was a time of escalating crises?the rise of the Nazis and their antisemitic policies, the declining fortunes of Eastern European Jewry, increasing Arab enmity, and the hardening of British Mandatory policies in Palestine. Reexamining some of the most controversial episodes in modern Jewish history, this invaluable study offers the first systematic institutional analysis of the Yishuv's responses to the imperative of saving German and European Jewry from the growing Nazi threat between 1933 and 1939. Drawing on a wealth of archival research and a thorough knowledge of the secondary literature, this informative, important book will be essential reading for all those interested in the history of the Holocaust.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations, Preface, List of Abbreviations, Introduction, Zionism Confronts the Nazi Threat, The Persecution of German Jewry: An Overview, The German Jewish Situation in 1933, Jewish Responses to the Nazi Threat, The Yishuv in 1933, Intra-Zionist Conflict: The Opening Chapter, First Steps, Rescue Aliya: A Conceptual Analysis, The Yishuv”s Institutions React, Finances, Rescue Aliya, and ““Business as Usual,” To Boycott or Not to Boycott?, The Joint Committee to Settle German Jews, Rescue By Means of Immigration, 1933-1936, Involving the British, The Eighteenth Zionist Congress, The Rescue Aliya Program Takes Shape, The Politics of Aliya, Zionist Rescue Priorities, The Evacuation Plan, Youth Aliya, The Haavara Agreement, Aliya Bet, Aliya and Intra-Zionist Politics, Immigration and Absorption, From Hitachdut Olei Germania to Ahdut ha-Am, Hitachdut Olei Germania Expands, Intra-Zionist Rivalries, 1933-1934, The Ben-Gurion-Jabotinsky Agreements, The Revisionist Schism, Evaluation, Rescue Aliya and Zionist Foreign Relations, Yishuv Developments, 1933-1936, Imperial Policy and the Jews” Fate, The Arab Revolt, The Peel Commission, The Partition Plan, The Twentieth Zionist Congress, Time as an Enemy of Rescue Aliya, 1937: Rescue Aliya in Crisis, Declining Conditions in Europe, German Jewry in the Era of Bloodless Conquests, Zionist Responses to Changing Conditions, Rescue Aliya”s Final Days, New Efforts at Zionist Unity, Aliya in the Shadow of a “Political Maximum,” The Decline of Rescue Aliya, Intra-Zionist Relations at a Breaking Point, The Decline of Rescue Aliya, Intra-Zionist Relations at a New Crossroad, The Retreat From Partition, The Evian Conference and its Aftermath, Zionist-British Relations in the Shadow of Munich, Toward the Abandonment of the Jews, Kristallnacht and its Aftermath, The End of Rescue Aliya, The Search for a Safe Haven, The London (St. James Palace) Conference, Aliya Bet and Eleventh Hour Rescue, The Collapse of Capitalist Aliya, New Talks With the Administration; New Protests, German Jewry in the Throes of Destruction, The Case of Pidyon Shevuyim, The White Paper, April 1939: The Eleventh Hour Passes, The Eve of Betrayal, The White Paper, Final Efforts at Intra-Zionist Unity, Immigration Under the White Paper Regime, The Bitter End, Conclusion, Appendix: Aliya Bet Ships, Notes, Bibliography, About the Book and Author, Index
Abraham J. Edelheit is director of the Morehset Zvi Institute for Jewish Communal Affairs and an Adjunct Assistant Professor of history at Kingsborough Community College. Abraham has served as a consultant to the Presidential Commission on Holocaust Asstes in the United States and is presently Historian in Residence at the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany. An active scholar, he is the author or co-author of ten books on Jewish and European history, including History of the Holocaust: A Handbook and Dictionary. The late Hershel Edelheit a Holocaust survivor, was director of ERICH, a nonprofit research and educational institute dedicated to studying the twentieth-century Jewish experience.