Thermal Energy Systems: Design and Analysis, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Thermal Energy Systems

Design and Analysis, 1st Edition

By Steven G. Penoncello

CRC Press

576 pages | 229 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781482245998
pub: 2015-01-20
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429172267
pub: 2015-01-20
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Model a Thermal System without Lengthy Hand Calculations

Before components are purchased and a thermal energy system is built, the effective engineer must first solve the equations representing the mathematical model of the system. Having a working mathematical model based on physics and equipment performance information is crucial to finding a system’s operating point. Thermal Energy Systems: Design and Analysis offers a fundamental working knowledge of the analysis and design of thermal-fluid energy systems, enabling users to effectively formulate, optimize, and test their own design projects.

Providing an understanding of the basic concepts of simulation and optimization, and introducing simulation and optimization techniques that can be applied to a system model, this text covers the basic foundations of thermal-fluid system analysis and design. It addresses hydraulic systems, energy systems, system simulation, and system optimization. In addition, it incorporates both SI and English units, and builds current state-of-the-art computer modeling skills throughout the book.

Topics covered include:

  • Review of thermal engineering concepts
  • Engineering economics principles
  • Application of conservation and balance laws
  • Review of fluid flow fundamentals
  • Minor losses
  • Series and parallel pipe networks
  • Economic pipe diameter
  • Pump performance and selection
  • Cavitation
  • Series and parallel pump systems
  • The affinity laws for pumps
  • Heat exchangers, LMTD, and e-NTU methods
  • Regenerative HX, condensers, evaporators, and boilers
  • Double-pipe heat exchangers
  • Shell and tube heat exchangers
  • Plate and frame heat exchangers
  • Cross-flow heat exchangers
  • Thermal energy system simulation
  • Fitting component performance data
  • Optimization using Lagrange multipliers
  • Optimization using software

Thermal Energy Systems: Design and Analysis covers the concepts and the skills needed to plan, model, create, test, and optimize thermal systems; and to use computer simulation software through its use of Engineering Equation Solver (EES).


"… includes a liberal number of examples throughout as well as an extensive list of student problems in each chapter. … recommended as a text for an undergraduate mechanical engineering course as well as a reference for practical applications.umming Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and professionals/practitioners.

—R. Darby, emeritus, Texas A&M University, CHOICE

"The book covers topics that engineering students have been introduced to but have not had the opportunity to integrate for engineering design problems. …the author has introduced the EES program to facilitate solutions of problems that would otherwise require lengthy hand calculations."

—S.A. Klein, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA

"… Steven Penoncello’s book is an industrial strength text, a good antidote to the many textbooks filled with academic exercises and contrived problems. The material presented fits nicely with the kind of industrial practice our students encounter upon graduation. I would expect that undergraduate engineering students will find this book an excellent text to prepare them for engineering practice, and then hang on to it to use as a great reference to guide them through their working lives. This book provides a rigorous base to understand engineering design, illustrated with realistic, practical applications."

—Robert Richards, School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, USA

"Right from the content page of the book, the author has made sure that the book flow is well established with the reader. … a deep dive into the physical insights regarding the usage of optimization techniques and engineering economics … The Author’s rich experience has come in handy in presenting the book in an enthusiastic pattern. … enables the readers to get the right connect of the concepts and boosts the confidence to solve any challenging problem. Using the photographs of real time energy systems in the book further elevates the curiosity to read the book. … My hearty congrats to the author for his efforts.

—R. Venkatesh, PSG College of Technology, India

"… incorporates the economics of the engineering system which is rarely found in most books. It also incorporatea working details of computer programs using EES. … very practical, it will be a good reference materials for working engineers and senior year students.

—Ooi Kim Tiow, Nanyang Technological University

"The book contains many topics from different areas. However, not clear the target audience of the book (from the materials which are available for reviewing). Practical examples and exercises look very interesting and maybe useful in teaching of undergraduate modules."

—Dr Konstantin Volkov, Kingston University London

"This book is useful for industry and academia. Contents presented in the book are equally useful for the designers and researchers. … I congratulate the author on coming up with a nice book."

—Dr. Anil Kumar Patil, Associate Professor, Mechanical Engg. DIT University Dehradun

"This book is well written and organized in a presentable form to provide an excellence in the design of thermo-fluid systems with the basic concepts, laws, tools and practical examples. The selection of topics is good and provides an attentive review of basic thermal fluid engineering fundamentals. It presents the engineering design process in a practical way with especially highlighted engineering economy concepts with optimization. It also covers numerical and computational methodologies with an introduction of EES software. Overall, it can be said the present book is well organized and useful for the persons from academia and industry (i.e., for designers and researchers)."

—Abhishek Saxena, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

Table of Contents


Thermal Energy Systems Design and Analysis


Thermal Energy System Topics

Units and Unit Systems

Thermophysical Properties

Engineering Design

Engineering Economics


Common Engineering Economics Nomenclature

Economic Analysis Tool: The Cash Flow Diagram

Time Value of Money

Time Value of Money Examples

Using Software to Calculate Interest Factors

Economic Decision Making

Depreciation and Taxes


Analysis of Thermal Energy Systems



Thermophysical Properties of Substances

Suggested Thermal Energy Systems Analysis Procedure

Conserved and Balanced Quantities

Conservation of Mass

Conservation of Energy (The First Law of Thermodynamics)

Entropy Balance (The Second Law of Thermodynamics)

Exergy Balance: The Combined Law

Energy and Exergy Analysis of Thermal Energy Cycles

Detailed Analysis of Thermal Energy Cycles


Fluid Transport in Thermal Energy Systems


Piping and Tubing Standards

Fluid Flow Fundamentals

Valves and Fittings

Design and Analysis of Pipe Networks

Economic Pipe Diameter


Design Practices for Pump/Pipe Systems

Energy Transport in Thermal Energy Systems


Review of Heat Transfer Mechanisms in Heat Exchangers

Heat Exchanger Types

Design and Analysis of Heat Exchangers

Special Application Heat Exchangers

Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger Design and Analysis

Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design and Analysis

Plate and Frame Heat Exchanger Design and Analysis

Cross-Flow Heat Exchanger Design and Analysis


Simulation, Evaluation, and Optimization of Thermal Energy Systems


Thermal Energy System Simulation

Thermal Energy System Evaluation

Thermal Energy System Optimization





About the Author

Steven G. Penoncello received his BS and MS in mechanical engineering from the University of North Dakota in 1978 and 1980, respectively. He received his PhD in mechanical engineering from the University of Idaho in 1986. Dr. Penoncello has been teaching courses and doing research in the thermal sciences since 1980. His research involves the determination of standard reference quality formulations for the calculation of the thermophysical properties of fluids and fluid mixtures of scientific and engineering interest. He has coauthored one book, two book chapters, and over 35 technical papers in the area of thermophysical properties.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning