1st Edition

Thermal and Nonthermal Encapsulation Methods

By Magdalini Krokida Copyright 2018
    286 Pages
    by CRC Press

    286 Pages 3 Color & 30 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    286 Pages 3 Color & 30 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Encapsulation is a topic of interest across a wide range of scientific and industrial areas, from pharmaceutics to food and agriculture, for the protection and controlled release of various substances during transportation, storage, and consumption. Since encapsulated materials can be protected from external conditions, encapsulation enhances their stability and maintains their viability. This book offers a comprehensive review of conventional and modern methods for encapsulation. It covers various thermal and nonthermal encapsulation methods applied across a number of industries, including freeze drying, spray drying, spray chilling and spray cooling, electrospinning/electrospraying, osmotic dehydration, extrusion, air-suspension coating, pan coating, and vacuum drying. The book presents basic fundamentals, principles, and applications of each method, enabling the reader to gain extended knowledge. The choice of the most suitable encapsulation technique is based on the raw materials, the required size, and the desirable characteristics of the final products.

    Chapter 1 Principles and Applications of Encapsulation Technologies

    to Food Materials

    Ioannis Mourtzinos and Costas G. Biliaderis

    Chapter 2 Freeze Drying and Microwave Freeze Drying as Encapsulation


    Vasiliki P. Oikonomopoulou and Magdalini K. Krokida

    Chapter 3 Encapsulation Methods: Spray Drying, Spray Chilling and Spray


    Maciej Jaskulski, Abdolreza Kharaghani, and Evangelos Tsotsas

    Chapter 4 Electro-Hydrodynamic Processes (Electrospinning and

    Electrospraying): Nonthermal Processes for Micro- and


    M.A. Busolo, S. Castro, and J.M. Lagaron

    Chapter 5 Extrusion for Microencapsulation

    Andriana Lazou and Magdalini K. Krokida

    Chapter 6 Osmotic Dehydration and Combined Processes for Tissue

    Modification and Selective Ingredient Impregnation and


    E. Dermesonlouoglou, P. Taoukis, and M. Giannakourou

    Chapter 7 Other Technologies for Encapsulation (Air Suspension Coating,

    Pan Coating, and Vacuum Drying)

    Panagiota Eleni and Magdalini K. Krokida

    Chapter 8 Industry-Relevant Encapsulation Technologies for Food

    and Functional Food Production

    Drvenica Ivana, Đorđević Verica, Trifković Kata, Balanč Bojana,

    Lević Steva, Bugarski Branko, and Nedović Viktor


    Prof. Magdalini K. Krokida is Associate Professor at the School of Chemical Engineering of NTUA. She has been a member of the Laboratory of Process Analysis and Design since 2002. Her field of expertise covers design and optimization of physical processes, design and development of new products (especially foods), determination of the thermophysical properties of materials, as well as evaluation of the economic and environmental impact of several products and processes. Prof. Krokida has a considerable publishing activity, including 2 books, 7 chapters in international publications and more than 100 articles in international peer-reviewed journals, with more than 3000 citations. She has participated in numerous research projects, both as a scientific advisor and as a researcher. She is a reviewer of 10 international journals and has participated as a member of the organizing committee in several scientific congresses. Since 2010, she has been a representative of Greece at the International Scientific Committee of Drying (EFCF Working Party on Drying) and is an ambassador of Global Harmonization Initiative (GHI) in Greece.