Thermodynamics and Energy Systems Analysis: Volume 2, Solved Problems and Exercises, 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Thermodynamics and Energy Systems Analysis

Volume 2, Solved Problems and Exercises, 1st Edition

By Lucien Borel, Daniel Favrat, Dinh Lan Nguyen, Magdi Batato

EPFL Press

500 pages

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eBook (VitalSource) : 9781439897638
pub: 2012-02-28
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Description

This book illustrates the basic concepts of phenomenological thermodynamics and how to move from theory to practice by considering problems in the fields of thermodynamics and energy-systems analysis. Many subjects are handled from an energetics or exergetics angle: calorimeters, evaporators, condensers, flow meters, sub or supersonic nozzles, ejectors, compressors, pumps, turbines, combustion processes, heaters, smoke stacks, cooling towers, motors, turbo-reactors, heat pumps, air conditioning, thermo-electrical generators, energy storage, and more.

Table of Contents

Preface

Tribute to a great thermodynamicist Professor Lucien Borel

Generalities and fundamental laws

Cooling of a copper piece

Shock of a container against a wall

Work transfer relative to a closed system

Mechanical power of a steam turbine

Water power brake

Irreversibility in a cooled compressor

Irreversibility in a heat transmitter (heat exchanger)

Cooling at constant pressure

Oxidation of glucose

Work and heat transfer relative to a closed system

Car battery

Slowing down of a car

Irreversibility during heating

Closed systems and general thermodynamic relations

Polytropic compression

Thermal factors

Polytropic factor

Isochoric speci_c heat

Entropy change of a gas

Enthalpy and entropy changes of a liquid

Shock of a sphere in freefall

Fundamental relations between state functions

Compression of oxygen according to di_erent paths

Compression of air under di_erent conditions

Filling of a bottle

Expansion without dissipation

Experiment of Torricelli

Relations of Maxwell

Isothermal compression

Balances of extensive entities

Water dispenser

Weighing of a receiver with ows

Mixture of two liquid jets

Emptying of a reservoir

Propulsion of a boat

Launch of a rocket

Pipe link

Reaction force on a bent pipeline

Thrust of a turboreactor

Open systems in steady-state operation

Stack of a thermal power plant

Central heating plant of a building

Inating the tube of a tire

Supercharging system of a Diesel engine

Radial compressor

Inlet di_user of a turboreactor

Pitot tube

Flow in a channel of constant section

Flow in a simple nozzle

Flow in a Laval nozzle

Curtis turbine

Single- or multi-stage compression

Expansion in a turbine

Compression system

Prandtl tube

Dimensioning of a Laval nozzle

Mass ow measurement with an ori_ce

Thermodynamic properties of matter

State function of a perfect gas

Experiment of Gay-Lussac-Joule

Joule-Thomson expansion

Irreversible expansion of a perfect gas

Reversible expansions of a perfect gas

Work relative to an isothermal expansion

Isochoric heating of water

Equations of state

Fusion by compression

Calori_c measurements

Ejector

Joule-Thomson expansion of water (in liquid phase)

Kinetic theory of gases

Earth atmosphere

Equilibrium of a balloon

Isobaric heating and partial vaporisation of water

Isochoric heating and isobaric cooling of a perfect gas

Heat of vaporisation

Mixture of ideal or perfect gases

Characteristics of a town gas

Compression of a mixture of nitrogen and of argon

Heating and compression of combustion gas

Mixture of gas owing in a thermal energy transmitter (heat exchanger)

Mixture of nitrogen and carbon dioxide, in a hermetic enclosure

Fabrication of synthetic air

Expansions and mixing of gases

Change of the concentrations of a mixture of nitrogen and of carbon dioxide

Mixing of air and of methane, in steady-state operation

Characteristics of a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen

Characteristics of a gas of a blast furnace

Compression of a mixture of ethane and air

Change of the composition and compression of a mixture of ethane and propane

Introduction of nitrogen in a reservoir of hydrogen

Conditioning of fumes for drying

Mixtures of a gas with a condensable substance

Mixture of two mixtures

Wet cooling tower

Humidi_cation of the air of a room

Condensation on a wall

Paraisothermal compressor

Drying of a product

Air conditioning of an indoor swimming pool

Air conditioning of an o_ce in summer

State of the air in a room

Characteristics of atmospheric air

Cooling of air by humidi_cation

Cold room

Air conditioning of an o_ce in winter

Thermodynamic processes and diagrams

Adiabatic expansion of an ideal gas

Emptying of a compressed air tank

Feeding a start-up turbine

Expansion of steam in a turbine

Phase change of water

Displacement of a piston by expansion of a gas

Processes relative to the expansion of helium

Theoretical cycle of a hot air engine

Theoretical cycle of a Diesel engine

Typical thermodynamic processes

Condensation of a refrigerant.

Phase change of carbon dioxide

Production of compressed air

Processes during a cycle

Simple examples of application of the First and Second Laws

Process of conversion from mechanical energy to internal energy (experiment of Joule)

Expansion without transfer of mechanical energy (experiment of Gay-Lussac-Joule

Expansion with transfer of mechanical energy

Energy conversion processes

Evolution of a heterogeneous system

Heat transfer between two bodies

Energy and exergy analyses (thermomechanical processes)

Reheater of a nuclear power plant

Cold room of a refrigeration plant

Condenser of a steam power plant

Open and closed feedwater reheaters

High pressure turbine of the power plant of Leibstadt

Paraisothermal compressor of a refrigeration plant

Cooled compressor

Liquid air production plant

Cost of energy relative to a cogeneration plant

Ejector

Expansion without work transfer (Experiment of Gay-Lussac-Joule)

Flow in an ori_ce

Heat transfer between two parts

Isochoric mixture of two gases

Mixing of several gases, in steady-state conditions

Isochoric heating

Isobaric heating

Heating under steady-state conditions

Thermal energy storage

Combustion

Combustion of a light oil

Incomplete combustion of heavy oil

Combustion of natural gas

Dewpoint of combustion gases

Combustion chamber of a thermal power plant

Industrial steam boiler

Cooling and diusion of a plume of combustion gas in the atmosphere

Gasoline engine

Incomplete combustion

Turboreactor of a airplane

Liquid fuel for a steam boiler

Bomb calorimeter

Inuence of the reference conditions on the heating value

Characteristics of a liquid fuel

Combustion of hexane

Combustion chamber of a gas plant

Thermal losses of a combustion chamber

Examples of application

Combustion chamber

Steam boiler

Internal combustion engine

Thermodynamic cycles

Beau-de-Rochas or Otto cycle

Stirling cycle

Ericsson's pseudo-cycle

Cycle of a hot air engine

Simple Diesel cycle

Brayton cycle

Rankine cycle

Turboreactor cycle

Reversed Brayton cycle

Carnot cycle

Improved Diesel cycle

Statoreactor cycle

Superposed thermopump cycles

Reversed pseudo-Stirling cycle

Reversed pseudo-Ericsson cycle

Comparative study of theoretical power cycles

Comparative study of theoretical thermopump cycles

Comparative study of theoretical frigopump cycles

Study of theoretical cogeneration cycles

Applications: Examples

Atmospheric cooling of a condenser

Industrial open cycle gas turbine

Gas-steam combined cycle plant

Closed cycle gas turbine, with two shaft lines

System of compression thermopump (heating heat pump system)

Compression frigopump system (cooling heat-pump system)

Liquid helium production plant

Turbocompression frigopump system

Simple steam power plant

Steam cycle with reheat

Steam power plant, with extraction

Steam power plant, in quasi-steady-state operation

Cogeneration steam power plant

Open cycle gas turbine

Thermopump plant with a semi-hermetic compressor

Frigopump system with subcooler

Linear thermodynamics of irreversible phenomena

Source of entropy in a bar

Thermocouple

Thermoelectric generator

Thermoelectric module

Thermoelectric thermopump

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI024000
SCIENCE / Energy
SCI065000
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics