1st Edition

Thessaloniki A City in Transition, 1912–2012

Edited By Dimitris Keridis, John Kiesling Copyright 2020
    408 Pages
    by Routledge

    408 Pages
    by Routledge

    This book shares the conclusions of a remarkable conference marking the centennial of Thessaloniki’s incorporation into the Greek state in 1912. Like its Roman and Byzantine predecessors, Ottoman Salonica was the metropolis of a huge, multi-ethnic Balkan hinterland, a center of modernization/westernization, and the de facto capital of Sephardic Judaism. The powerful attraction it exerted on competing local nationalisms, including the Young Turks, gave it a paradigmatic role in the transition from imperial to national rule in southeastern Europe.

    Twenty-three articles cover the multicultural physiognomy of a ‘Levantine’ city. They describe the mechanisms for cultivating national consciousness (including education, journalism, the arts, archaeology, and urban planning), the relationship between national identity, religious identity, and an evolving socialist labor movement, anti-Semitism, and the practical issues of governing and assimilating diverse non-Greek populations after Greece’s military victory in 1912. Analysis of this transformation extends chronologically through the arrival of Greek refugees from Turkey and the Black Sea in 1923, the Holocaust, the Greek civil war, and the new waves of migration after 1990. These processes are analyzed on multiple levels, including civil administration, land use planning, and the treatment of Thessaloniki’s historic monuments.

    This work underscores the importance of cities and their local histories in shaping the key national narratives that drove development in southeastern Europe. Those lessons are highly relevant today, as Europe reacts to renewed migratory pressures and the rise of new nationalist movements, and draws lessons, valid or otherwise, from the nation-building experiments of the previous century.

    Introduction  Dimitris Keridis

    Part 1: Searching for identity

    1. Towards a History of Thessaloniki’s Future  Mark Mazower

    2. Thessaloniki and the Cities of the Enlightenment  Paschalis M. Kitromilides

    3. Was Salonica a Levantine City?  Philip Mansel

    4. The Place of Thessaloniki In Greek National Awareness: From Greek Independence to 1912 and beyond  Spyridon Ploumidis

    5. Salonica through Bulgarian Eyes  Yura Konstantinova

    6. The Municipality of Salonica between Old Regime, Ottoman Reforms and the Transition from Empire To Nation State  Nora Lafi

    7. Amateur and Professional Theater in Ottoman Thessaloniki: Multicultural Identity and Its Implications  Olivia Pallikari

    8. A New Look at an Ancient City: Thessaloniki in Ottoman Archaeology, 1832–1912  Edhem Eldem

    9. Urban Transformation and the Revolution: Salonica and the Young Turks, 1908–1912  Sotiris Dimitriadis

    10. Bulgarian Newspapers in Thessaloniki, 1869–1913  Vlasis Vlasidis

    Part 2: A City in Transition

    11. The Boundaries of Hellenism: Language and Loyalty Among Salonican Jewry, 1917–1933  Devin E. Naar

    12. In the Aftermath of the Balkan Wars: The Incorporation of Thessaloniki in the Greek State  Elpida Vogli

    13. Refugee Resettlement 1922–24. A Watershed in the Ethnic, Social and Economic Transformation of Thessaloniki  Constantinos Katerinopoulos

    14. Integration through the Past: Jewish Scholars Write History in Inter-War Salonica  Eyal Ginio

    15. Destruction and Reconstruction of Thessaloniki’s Class Structure, 1912–1940  Evangelos Hekimoglou

    16. From the Call Of the Muezzin To the Silence of the Museum: Salonica Soundscapes in Transition  Eleni Kallimopoulou, Kostis Kornetis, and Panagiotis C. Poulos

    Part 3: Mapping the Future of Thessaloniki

    17. The Muslims of Thessaloniki (1912–2012): A Discontinuous and Uncomfortable Presence  Konstantinos Tsitselikis

    18.Urban Change and the Persistence of Memory in Modern Thessaloniki  Eleni Bastéa and Vilma Hastaoglou-Martinidis

    19. French Interests and Salonika’s Port, 1872–1912: Entrepreneurial and Architectural Innovation  Vilma Hastaoglou-Martinidis

    20. The Post-War Transformation of the Thessaloniki Periphery: Urbanization and Landscape  Charis Christodoulou

    21. Land Policy in Thessaloniki and the Transition to a Contemporary Metropolitan Area, 1922–1967  Athena Yiannakou

    22. The Care of Monuments in Modern Thessaloniki: Perceptions and Practices  Kornilia Trakosopoulou-Tzimou

    23. A Past for Every Possible Future: Concluding Remarks  Basil C. Gounaris


    Dimitris Keridis is Professor of International Relations at the Panteion University in Athens, Greece, and has been a member of the Greek Parliament since 2019. He has written widely on foreign policy, particularly on the Balkans and on modern Greek history.

    John Brady Kiesling is an archaeologist and former U.S. diplomat, whose work includes Greek Urban Warriors (2014), Diplomacy Lessons (2007), the ToposText application, and various edited works on Greek history.