Professor de Rijk’s interest here is in the views on reality put forward by the medieval thinkers from Boethius to William of Ockham, but especially in the 12th-14th centuries, the period from Abelard onwards.Theology was naturally a key influence, but sematic theories - the philosophical theories on how terms signify, or how a name has its meaning and how this is affected by its context - were fundamental as the starting point of ontological speculation. The categories formulated in order to differentiate various types of context and their impact on the semantics of the verb esse, ’to be’, and its related forms. De Rijk’s aim is to understand how these medieval thinkers interpreted reality according to their own semantic views, and to see how their own particular concerns - for instance William of Ockham’s application of the ’principle of parsimony’ to ontology - shaped the nature of their thought.
Contents: Preface; On Boethius’ notion of being. A chapter of Boethian semantics. Peter AbÃ¤lard (1079-1142): Meister und Opfer des Scharfsinns; The semantical impact of Abailard’s solution of the problem of universals; La signification de la propostition (dictum propositionis) chez Abélard; Die Wirkung der neuplatonischen Semantik auf das mittelalterliche Denken Ã¼ber das Sein; Abailard’s semantic views in the light of later developments; Die Bedeutungslehre der Logik im 13. Jh und ihr GegenstÃ¼ck in der metaphysischen Spekulation; Each man’s ass is not everybody’s ass. On an important item in 13th-century semantics; The development of suppositio naturalis in mediaeval logic, I: Natural supposition as non-contextual supposition, II: 14th-century natural supposition as atemporal (omnitemporal) supposition; On Buridan’s doctrine of connotation; Semantics in Richard Billingham and Johannes Venator; Logic and ontololgy in Ackham: his views of the categories of being and the nature of the basic principles; War Ockham ein Antimetaphysicker? Eine semantische Betrachtung; Indexes.
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