German U-boats, known as "iron coffins", terrorized Allied ships during World War II and were responsible for thousands of deaths. This volume, published to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Battle of the Atlantic, brings together historians from both sides of the ocean to discuss this important campaign. As well as offering new insights into both familiar and more neglected aspects, the book reflects the human dimension of the conflict, paying tribute to the whole spectrum of personnel involved - planners and strategists, spies and code-breakers, naval officers and crews, merchant sailors, and civilians.
Part 1 Planning and strategy: Admiral Ernest J. King and his role in the formation of Atlantic planning, Robert W. Love; the Atlantic in the strategic perspective of Hitler and F.D. Roosevelt in 1940-1941, Capt Werner Rahn; the views of Stimson and Knox on Atlantic strategy and planning, Jefrey G. Barlow; Churchill, seapower and strategy, Andrew Lambert; DeGaulle and the Free French Navy, Vice-Adm d'Escadre Emile J. Chaline; the negative influence of Mahan on the protection of shipping in the battle of the Atlantic, Capt R.A. Bowling. Part 2 Merchant mariners and ports: the Merchant Marine Cadet Corps at sea in World War II, Rear Adm Thomas A. King; the US Navy armed guard in World War II, Capt Stansel E. DeFoe; the Coast Guard captains of the ports during World War II, Robert M. Browning, Jr; port in a storm - the port of New York in World War II, Joseph F. Meany, Jr; US Merchant Marine casualties in World War II, James E. Valle. Part 3 North Atlantic and South Atlantic: the Royal Canadian Air Force and Naval Intelligence - a Canadian perspective, Roger Sarty; the Royal Canadian Navy and the Atlantic war - an overview, Marc Milner; planning the defense of the South Atlantic, 1939-1941 - securing Brazil, Theresa L. Kraus; of saboteurs and subterfuge - direct German efforts based in Latin America to affect the battle of the Atlantic, John F. Bratzel; Brazil and the Brazilian Navy in World War II, Adm Helio Leoncio Martins. Part 4 Intelligence and codebreaking: Operation "Teardrop" revisited, Philip K. Lundeberg; radio communication and radio intelligence in the battle of the Atlantic, Jurgen Rohwer; the battle of the Atlantic 1941-1943, peaks and troughs, J. David Brown; the role of the codebreakers, 1943-1945, David Kahn. Part 5 Fighting the battle: the memoirs of Captain Fred Krage, Master of the "Weserland", Capt Harold D. Huycke; memories of the U-boat war off the outerbanks, Cmdr James T. Cheatham; October 1940-June 1941 - the character of the German naval offensive, Donald P. Steury; U-boats and convoys to North Russia, David Syrett.