Since its beginnings, tourism has inspired built environments that have suggested reinvented relationships with their original architectural inspirations. Copies, reinterpretations, and simulacra still constitute some of the most familiar and popular tourist attractions in the world.
Some reinterpret archetypes such as the ancient palace, the Renaissance villa, or the Mediterranean village. Others duplicate the cities in which we lived in the past or we still live today. And others realise perceptions of utopias such as Shangri-La, Eden, or Paradise. Replicas – duplitecture – and simulacra can have symbolic meaning for tourists, as merely inspiring an atmosphere or as truly authentic, and their relationship to original functions, for worship, accommodation, leisure, or shopping.
Tourism and Architectural Simulacra questions and rethinks the different environments constructed or adapted both for and by tourism exploring the relationship between the architectural inspiration and its reproduction within the tourist bubble. The wide range of geographical areas, eras, and subjects in this book show that the expositions of simulacra and hyper reality by Baudrillard, Deleuze, and Eco are surpassed by our complex world. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach they offer original insights of the complex relationship between tourism and architecture.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change.
Introduction: Simulacra, architecture, tourism and the Uncanny
Nelson Graburn, Gravari-Barbas Maria and Staszak Jean-François
1. Copysites: tourist attractions in the age of their architectural reproducibility
Bauer Bernhard and Canestrini Duccio
2. What makes Paris being Paris? Stereotypes, simulacra and tourism imaginaries
3. Tropical and Eastern Paris: architecture, representation and tourism in Brazil and China
Felipe Loureiro and Roberto Bartholo
4. Simulacra heritagization: the Minyuan stadium in Wudadao, Tianjin
Lu Yue, Gravari-Barbas Maria and Guinand Sandra
5. Seeing is believing: miniature and gigantic architectural models of second temple
6. The Musée de la Grande Guerre du Pays de Meaux – a simulacrum of the 1914–1918 war?
Bertram M. Gordon
7. Simulacra architecture in relation to tourism: Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Glasgow and Antoni Gaudi in Barcelona