Tourism in Pacific Islands
Current Issues and Future Challenges
Pacific Island Countries have been shown to be especially vulnerable to such external influences as natural disasters, political unrest and downturns in the global economy and their tourism industries have been notably affected. In particular, they typically have a narrow resource base and a fragile and often vulnerable natural environment. While there is some research on islands and small states, there is a dearth of information on the South Pacific and very little research is being undertaken in the region compared to other geographical regions in the world. This volume brings together current work in Pacific Island tourism.
In this collection, three main themes arise: Images of the South Pacific; Socio-economic Impacts of Tourism; and Pacific Island Countries and the Outside World. The first focus is on the question of image, namely, stereotypes of a destination held by tourists and potential tourists, the extent to which residents, for their part, really welcome visitors, and the role tourism might play in changing pre-established images. The second theme is tourism's impacts, notably the economic and socio-cultural effects of international tourism's intrusion in the region which, though often hotly debated, have attracted relatively little empirical research. The third focus is on the challenges of how PICs articulate with their external geo-political and physical environment. These involve existing relations with formal colonial centres, geographical isolation, the need for greater air access to the outside world and for more tourists, and the continuing threat to several PICs of global warming, which increased air travel will inevitably exacerbate.
This text will be of interest to tourism students, researchers and academics in the fields of tourism, development studies and cultural studies.
Table of Contents
Section 1: Background 1. Tourism in Pacific Islands: Current Issues and Future Challenges David Harrison and Stephen Pratt 2. Colonisation, Decolonisation and Tourism in the French Pacific Anne-Marie d’Hauteserre Section 2: Images of the South Pacific 3.Early nineteenth century images of Fiji: postcards from the other side David Harrison 4. The Touristic Construction of the Amiable Fijian Yoko Kanemasu 5. Debunking Pacific Utopias: Chief Roi Mata’s Domain and the Reimagining of People and Place in Vanuatu Joseph Cheer, Keir Reeves and Jennifer Laing Section 3: Socio-economic Impacts of Tourism 6. Adapting and Reacting to Tourism Development: A tale of two villages on Fiji’s Coral Coast Apisalome Movono, Stephen Pratt and David Harrison 7. Vanua Tourism: Are Culture and Tradition Influencing the Success of Indigenous Community Owned Backpacker Operations in Fiji? Dawn Gibson 8. Tourism and Corporate Social Responsibility in the Pacific Regina Scheyvens and Emma Hughes 9. The Relationship between Tourism, the Pearl and Mother of Pearl Shell Jewellery Industries in Fiji Anand Chand, Suwastika Naidu, Paul C. Southgate and Theo Simos 10. Linkages between Tourism and Agriculture: Stakeholder Perspectives and Online Marketing and Promotion on the Island of Niue in the South Pacific Evangeline Singh, Simon Milne and John Hull Section 4: Pacific Island Countries and the Outside World 11. Air Transportation and Tourism Development in the Pacific Semisi Taumoepeau 12.Recent Developments and Changes in Demand for Tourism in Fij Uwe Kaufmann and Haruo Nakagawa 13. Hosting Bluewater Sailors: Destination Planning in the Tropic Pacific Barbara Koth 14.Understanding Climate Change Vulnerability of Tourism Destinations: Community-based Tourism in Samoa Min Jiang Terry DeLacy, Louise Klint, Dale Dominey-Howes, Emma Calgaro and Steve Noakes 15. Climate Change & Tourism: a focus on the South Pacific Louise Klint, Terry DeLacy, Sebastian Filep and Dale Dominey-Howes
Stephen Pratt is Assistant Professor at the School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong. His main research interests lie in the areas of economic impacts of tourism, tourism marketing, sustainable tourism and tourism in the South Pacific.
David Harrison was from 2008 until early 2014 Professor and Head of the School of Tourism and Hospitality Management, University of the South Pacific, Fiji. He is now Professor of Tourism at Middlesex University, London. His primary interests are the economic, social and cultural aspects of tourism in developing countries, and he has carried out research and written on tourism in the Eastern Caribbean, Southern Africa, Eastern Europe, South-East Asia and the South Pacific.