Town and Country in Central and Eastern Africa
Studies Presented and Discussed at the Twelfth International African Seminar, Lusaka, September 1972
Originally published in 1975, the studies in this volume examine the range of factors which mediate the development of social processes in both town and country: as well as migration there is the ebb and flow of beliefs, ideologies and educational and occupational opportunities. It considers the fundamental economic and political bases of migrations in the form of colonialism or multi-national controls of various kinds, international commodity markets of supply and demand, and the distinct development policies adopted by independent governments. The editor’s introduction discusses old and new models of migration; the origins of rural inequalities in development; the degree of continuity of language and belief systems between town and country and the persistence of rural links in urban settlements.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Introduction David Parkin Part 2: Special Studies Models of Migration 1. Factors in Rural Male Absenteeism in Rhodesia J. C. Mitchell 2. Circulatory Migration in Rhodesia: Towards a Decision Model G. Kingsley Garbett 3. The Evolving Phenomena of Migration and Urbanization in Central Africa: A Zambian Case Patrick O. Ohadike 4. Migration, Settlement and the Politics of Unemployment: A Nairobi Case Study Part 2: Migration and Rural Development 1. Notes on Migration in Uganda Tibamanya mwene Mushanga 2. Inter-Rural Migration and East African Rural Development Victor C. Uchendu 3. Controllers in Rural Tanzania H. U. E. Thoden van Velzen 4. New Economic Relationships Between the Gwembe Valley and the Line of Rail Elizabeth Colson and T. Scudder Part 2: The Rural-Urban Flow of Language, Belief and Educational Opportunity 1. Continuity and Change in Kiganda Relision in Urban and Peri-Urban Kampala Peter Rigby and Fred D. Lule 2. Migration and Language Change: The Inter-Action of Town and Country Mubanga E. Kashoki 3. Movements of Schoolchildren and Provision of Secondary Schools in Uganda W. T. S. Gould Part 2: The Rural Links in Urban Settlement 1. Forms of Ethnic Linkage Between Town and Country Aidan Southall 2. Three Styles of Ethnic Migration in Kisenyi, Kampala Philip Halpenny 3. Migration and Language Change: The Inter-action of Town and Country Christine Obbo 4. Urban Squatters: Problem or Solution J. van Velsen 5. The Ecology of Social Types in Blantyre A. B. Chilivumbo 6. The Distribution of Migrants in Kampala M. A. Hirst
David Parkin's focus has been on East Africa where he has carried out a number of years' fieldwork among different peoples and in different ecologies: the Luo of western Kenya, the Giriama of eastern Kenya, and Swahili-speakers in Zanzibar and Mombasa. He has studied the growth of ethnically mixed urban populations in Kampala, Uganda, where his interest in Luo first started, and in Nairobi, where he developed more fully his interest in Luo.