In natural waters, trace elements-especially metals-may be present in different physicochemical forms varying in size, charge, and density. Trace Elements in Natural Waters comprehensively covers the microchemical processes occurring in the water phase. The book describes geological and biological interactions involving supply or removal of trace elements in the water phase. Analytical aspects are included, since sampling, pre-analysis handling, and methods of analysis strongly influence the quality of data. Different natural water systems are reviewed with respect to sources, concentration levels, and physicochemical forms of trace elements. Also, important fields of future research are investigated.
Table of Contents
Main Factors Affecting the Composition of Natural Waters, O.P. Bricker and B.F. Jones
Trace Chemistry Processes, P. Benes and E. Steinnes
Strategies of Sampling, Fractionation, and Analysis, B. Salbu and D.H. Oughton
Data Analysis and Statistical Methods, N.B. Vogt, S. Andersen, M. Schaanning, and R.D. Vogt
Precipitation, H.B. Ross and S.J. Vermette
Interstitial Waters, J. Hong, W. Calmano, and U. Förstner
Groundwater, B. Allard
Trace Elements in Lakes, H. Borg
Trace Elements in Rivers, B.T. Hart and T. Hines
Trace Metals in Estuaries, G.E. Millward and A. Turner
Trace Elements in the Oceans, J.R. Donat and K.W. Bruland
State of the Art and Future Trends, B. Salbu and E. Steinnes
"This discussion is timely and valuable. The editors have done an excellent job of coordinating the individual contributions from a panel of international experts to create comprehensive coverage."
- CHOICE, February 1996, Volume 33, Number 6