'A compelling contribution to our evolving understanding of the links between trade, aid and security � and what the international community needs to do to ensure peace and development in the world.' Achim Steiner, Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme 'For far too long the international community ahs stood by while countries around the world descend into conflict and anarchy. We need to understand how we can engage more effectively with fragile and failing states. Trade, Aid and Security is an important step in this direction.' Jan Pronk, Special Representative of the UN General Secretary in Sudan and Former Minister of Development and the Environment, The Netherlands. 'As we begin to contemplate what the post-Iraq world will look like it is vital that we reflect on the limits of the utility of hard power and the importance that development can play in avoiding failed states before they fail, preventing conflicts and more successfully re-building states. This timely book makes a most important contribution to that process.' Lord Paddy Ashdown, UN High Representative for Boznia and Herzegovina, 2002 � 2006 Leader of UK Liberal Democrat Party, 1988 � 1999 'As UN Special Representative to the Great Lakes Region of Africa I have seen the devastating impact of the trade in �conflict resources� with my own eyes. Amongst much else, this book shows how different trade and aid politics can tackle the trade in conflict resources and make a real contribution to secure societies. It is essential reading.' Mohamed Sahnoun, Special Representative of the UN Secretary General in Central and East Africa. Iraq, Afghanistan, Darfur. All resonate loudly on the international stage, exposing and illustrating the intractable links between global security, control over naturals resources � be it oil, water, timber or 'conflict diamonds' � and the manipulation of foreign aid and international trade policy. This volume, written by leading authorities from across the globe, introduces the linkages between trade, aid and security, and exposes how inappropriate or misused trade and aid policy can and do undermine security and contribute to violence and the disintegration of national states. On a practical level they demonstrate how six key areas of trade and aid policy can be used to help forge stability and security, reduce the likelihood of armed conflict, and assist economic and political recovery in our war-torn world.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Trade, Aid and Security: An Agenda for Peace and Development * Designing Conflict-sensitive Trade Policy * Developing Conflict-sensitive Aid: The Relationship between Aid and Conflict * Promoting 'Good' Governance through Trade and Aid: Instruments of Coercion or Vehicles of Communication? * Building Markets for Conflict-free Goods * Promoting Conflict-sensitive Business in Fragile States: Redressing Skewed Incentives * Managing Revenues from Natural Resources and Aid * Conclusion: Prospects for Peace and Progress *
Oli Brown is Coordinator of the Trade, Aid and Security initiative at IISD. Mark Halle is Director of the Trade Programme and European Representative for IISD. Sonia Pe a Moreno is a Policy Officer with the Policy, Biodiversity and International Agreements Unit, at IUCN. Sebastian Winkler is a Senior European Policy Officer and Head of Countdown 2010 Secretariat at IUCN. Lloyd Axworthy OC is a former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada and was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on banning landmines.
'This book presents a remarkable analysis of the multiple linkages between aid, trade and security and provides thoughtful alternatives to current ways aid is delivered and trade regulated... highly recommended to practitioners and researchers working on issues related to aid conditionality.' Natural Resources Forum