This book uses Alan Winters’ analytical framework to investigate the effects of trade liberalisation on economic growth and poverty in Vietnam. The country launched a programme of economic and trade reforms, known as Doi Moi, in the mid-1980s which placed the economy on a transitional path from central planning to a market economy. Since then Vietnam has attained a number of remarkable achievements in terms of economic growth and poverty reduction. Although some formidable problems (such as inequality and inflation) remain, it is apparent that trade liberalisation has been associated with a big reduction in poverty.
The analysis in the book focuses on the microeconomic (household) level, and there is an emphasis on tracing the effects of trade liberalisation through the four separate channels identified by Winters. Such in-depth and micro-level analyses yield new insights that support important policy lessons and recommendations for Vietnam in particular and, more generally, for similar developing countries.
1. Introduction 2. Trade Liberalisation, Economic Growth and Poverty in a Global Setting 3. Trade Liberalisation and Poverty in Vietnam 4. Trade and Growth Elasticity of Poverty 5. Farm Households’ Perceptions of Agricultural Market and Policy 6. Rural Poverty and Employment 7. Urban Poverty and Employment 8. Institutional Reforms and Poverty 9. Summary, Findings and Policy Perspective