Governments that seek to liberalize trade can find that doing so is often in tension with their desire to achieve the objectives of cultural policy. This is because measures like local content requirements can seem like discriminatory practices when viewed through the lens of trade liberalization. This tension has prompted a long-standing debate, with great variation in how countries have approached it.
Trade and Culture: The Ongoing Debate explores this variation across geographic space. It also seeks to explain the evolution in these various policies over time. Policies are not static, largely due to domestic politics, shifts in the international trading system and technological developments. The chapters in this volume explore the different approaches to the trade and culture debate and provide an up-to-date look at current versions of these policies in Canada, the European Union, South Africa, Latin America, South Korea, the United States and China.
This book will be of great value to scholars and researchers interested in cultural policies and the politics of international trade.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Cultural Policy.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Trade and culture: the ongoing debate
Patricia M. Goff
1. Canada’s cultural exemption
Patricia M. Goff
2. Trade, culture and the European Union cultural exception
Lilian Richieri Hanania
3. South Africa’s trade in cultural goods and services with a focus on cultural trade with BRICS partners
Nicolette Cattaneo and Jen Snowball
4. Latin America: trade and culture at a crossroads
5. Cultural politics in the South Korean cultural industries: confrontations between state-developmentalism and neoliberalism
Woongjae Ryoo and Dal Yong Jin
6. Trade and culture: the United States
7. China and the "culture and trade" debate: a holistic approach
Rostam J. Neuwirth
8. The End of Cultural Policy?
Patricia M. Goff is Associate Professor of Political Science at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Canada. Her research interests include the politics of trade and the complex governance challenges of reconciling rival policy objectives. She has held visiting positions at the University of Southern California, USA, and the Graduate Institute in Geneva, Switzerland.